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Thomas Belasyse

Thomas Belasyse, aged 24, by M D Hout.jpg
Thomas Belasyse, aged 24, later 1st Earl Fauconberg (1627–1700)
Died(1700-12-31)31 December 1700
Title1st Earl Fauconberg
Tenure9 April 1689 – 31 December 1700

Thomas Belasyse, 1st Earl Fauconberg PC (c. 1627 – 31 December 1700) was an English peer.[1] He supported the Parliamentary cause in the English Civil War, becoming close to Oliver Cromwell and marrying Cromwell's third daughter, Mary. After the Restoration of the monarchy he became a member of the Privy Council to Charles II and was elevated to an earldom by William III.


Belasyse was the only son of Hon. Henry Belasyse, who was the eldest son of Thomas Belasyse, 1st Viscount Fauconberg.[2] Unlike his Royalist father and grandfather, Belasyse supported Parliament in the English Civil War, and subsequently became a strong adherent of Oliver Cromwell, whose third daughter, Mary, he married in 1657. His father died in 1647 and he succeeded his grandfather to the viscounty of Fauconberg in the Bishopric of Durham in 1652.[3]

Belasyse again became a Royalist at the Restoration of the monarchy, and was appointed a member of the Privy Council of England by Charles II and Captain of the Guard (in which office he succeeded his uncle Lord Belasyse). He also served as English ambassador in Venice. He was Lord Lieutenant of the North Riding of Yorkshire (1660–1692). He was one of the noblemen who joined in inviting William of Orange to England, and was by that king created Earl Fauconberg, in the Peerage of England, on 9 April 1689.[3]

Fauconberg died in 1700.[4][5] He had no children and on his death the earldom became extinct, but his viscountcy passed to his nephew, Thomas Belasyse, 3rd Viscount Fauconberg.


The Earl Fauconberg.

On 3 July 1651 Fauconberg married Mildred, daughter of Nicholas Saunderson, 2nd Viscount Castleton. She died 8 May 1656.[6] On 18 November 1657, he married Mary Cromwell, the third daughter of Oliver Cromwell.[7] She outlived her husband by thirteen years dying on 14 March 1713.[8]


While he was in Italy, Fauconberg translated and published the Histoire du gouvernement de Venise, by Abraham Nicolas Amelot de la Houssaye.[9]


Coat of arms of Thomas Belasyse, 1st Earl Fauconberg
Coronet of a British Earl.svg
Fauconberg Escutcheon.png
A Lion couchant guardant Azure
Argent a Chevron Gules between three Fleurs-de-lis Azure
Dexter: a Buck holding in his mouth a Branch of Oak fructed all proper; Sinister: an Unicorn Azure armed crested and unguled Or
Bonne et belle assez [10]

See also

  • Green Ribbon Club, post-restoration political club of which Fauconberg was a member. The Green Ribbon had been used as the badge of the Levellers in the English Civil Wars, in which many of them had fought, and was an overt reminder of their radical origins.
  • Earl Fauconberg (1765 ship) – ship built at Whitby that became a Greenland whaler and was lost there in 1821.


  1. ^ Also referred to as "Lord Falconbridge" in some sources (Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Amelot de la Houssaye, Abraham Nicolas" . Encyclopædia Britannica. 1 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. cite.citation{font-style:inherit}.mw-parser-output .citation q{quotes:"\"""\"""'""'"}.mw-parser-output .id-lock-free a,.mw-parser-output .citation .cs1-lock-free a{background:url("//")no-repeat;background-position:right .1em center}.mw-parser-output .id-lock-limited a,.mw-parser-output .id-lock-registration a,.mw-parser-output .citation .cs1-lock-limited a,.mw-parser-output .citation .cs1-lock-registration a{background:url("//")no-repeat;background-position:right .1em center}.mw-parser-output .id-lock-subscription a,.mw-parser-output .citation .cs1-lock-subscription a{background:url("//")no-repeat;background-position:right .1em center}.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration{color:#555}.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription span,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration span{border-bottom:1px dotted;cursor:help}.mw-parser-output .cs1-ws-icon a{background:url("//")no-repeat;background-position:right .1em center}.mw-parser-output code.cs1-code{color:inherit;background:inherit;border:inherit;padding:inherit}.mw-parser-output .cs1-hidden-error{display:none;font-size:100%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-visible-error{font-size:100%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-maint{display:none;color:#33aa33;margin-left:0.3em}.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration,.mw-parser-output .cs1-format{font-size:95%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-left,.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-wl-left{padding-left:0.2em}.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-right,.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-wl-right{padding-right:0.2em}) "Lord ..." was a title used by those who attended Cromwell's Other House (1658–1659)
  2. ^ Nicolas, p. 185
  3. ^ a b Keary 1885.
  4. ^ Keary, p. 142 Cites Forster's County Families of Yorkshire, and Collins's Peerage.
  5. ^ Dictionary of National Biography, Errata (1904). p. 21
  6. ^ University of London, Institute of Historical Research. Bulletin of the Institute of Historical Research, Volume 4, Longmans, Green, 1926. p. 26
  7. ^ Sherwood p. 115
  8. ^ Grant p .8
  9. ^ Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Amelot de la Houssaye, Abraham Nicolas" . Encyclopædia Britannica. 1 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 804."
  10. ^


  • Grant, Peter, "Belasyse [née Cromwell], Mary, Countess Fauconberg (bap. 1637, d. 1713)", Oxford University Press 2004–2008, Bellasis family 1500–1653, page 7. Website of Ingilby History, Retrieved 5 March 2010
  • Nicolas, Sir Nicholas Harris & Courthope, William. The historic peerage of England: exhibiting, under alphabetical arrangement, the origin, descent, and present state of every title of peerage which has existed in this country since the Conquest ; being a new edition of the "Synopsis of the Peerage of England", John Murray, 1857
  • Sherwood, Roy Edward (1997). Oliver Cromwell: king in all but name, 1653–1658. Palgrave Macmillan. ISBN 0-312-17659-7.

Further reading

External links

Honorary titles
English Interregnum Lord Lieutenant of Durham
Succeeded by
John Cosin
Lord Lieutenant of the North Riding of Yorkshire
Succeeded by
The Viscount Fairfax of Emley
Custos Rotulorum of the North Riding of Yorkshire
Succeeded by
The Earl of Burlington
Preceded by
The Lord Belasyse
Captain of the Gentleman Pensioners
Succeeded by
The Earl of Roscommon
Preceded by
The Duke of Newcastle-upon-Tyne
Lord Lieutenant of the North Riding of Yorkshire
Succeeded by
The Marquess of Carmarthen
Peerage of England
New title Earl Fauconberg
Preceded by
Thomas Belasyse
Viscount Fauconberg
Succeeded by
Thomas Belasyse

4 Annotations

Vicente  •  Link

Thomas Belasyse, 2nd Viscount, Earl Fauconberg (bpt 16.03.1627/8, dsp 31.12.1700)
m1. (03.07.1651) Mildred Saunderson (d 08.05.1656, dau of Nicholas Saunderson, 2nd Viscount Castleton) m2. (18.11.1657)
Mary Cromwell (bpt 09.02.1636/7, d 14.03.1712/3, dau of Oliver Cromwell, Lord Protector)…
The Right of the People to Keep and Bear Arms: The Common Law ...
very interesting article on the proliferation of weapons held in the house holds of England
... See, eg., Letter Book of Thomas Belasyse, Viscount Fauconberg Lord Lieutenant
of the North Riding of Yorkshire, 1665-84…

"...To grasp the magnitude of the problem that awaited Charles II upon his return in 1660 it is useful to get some idea of the numbers of firearms kept in private homes. In ordinary times each household was expected to possess arms suitable to its defense, but what was considered suitable? It is possible to obtain an indication of what was regarded as a minimal arsenal by examining the responses of those charged by Charles II's government with stockpiling weapons. For example, in 1660, in reply to allegations that he had concealed weapons, one Robert Hope pleaded that in the past he had, indeed, kept guns for neighbors, but at present he had only "one light rapire and a small birdinge gunne ..."

Dave  •  Link

Lord Falconbridge, Crazy guy?

Bill  •  Link

BELASYSE, THOMAS, Earl Fauconberg (1627-1700), supporter of Cromwell; married Mary, Cromwell's daughter, 1657; privy councillor of Charles II.
---Dictionary of National Biography: Index and Epitome. S. Lee, 1906.

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Chart showing the number of references in each month of the diary’s entries.