3 Annotations

First Reading

Pauline  •  Link

from L&M Companion
(d. by 1688). A 'stout' seamn, according to Coventry. He served under the Commonwealth and held 13 commissions 1661-80. The Mrs Rooth whom Pepys met at Penn's may have been his wife.

Second Reading

Bill  •  Link

ROOTH, Sir Richard,—was appointed, by the duke of York, captain of the Dartmouth, in the year 1660: in 1663 he commanded the Harp: in 1664 he was recommissioned for the Dartmouth: in 1667 he commanded the St. David ; and, in the following year, the Garland. During the time he commanded this ship, which was one of sir Thomas Allen's squadron, in the Mediterranean, he was left, by that admiral, to block up the port of Sallee. While he was employed on this service he had the good fortune to meet with four of their corsairs which were escorting home three prizes which they had taken. On captain Rooth's attacking them, in conjunction with captain Bustow of the Francis, they all ran ashore and perished, together with their crews, to avoid falling into the hands of the English. The circumstance we observed to have taken place on a former occasion, of an officer's serving as a lieutenant, after having, for years, acted as a commander, occurs in the life of this gentleman. In 1672 he was made first lieutenant of the Victory, and in the following year resumed his former station of a commander, first, of the Lion, having again returned to the Mediterranean, and, secondly, of the Swiftsure. On the 9th of March, 1675, he was appointed, by king Charles the Second, to command the Adventure, on which occasion he received the honour of knighthood, and was sent to carry over to Tangier the earl of Inchiquin, lately appointed governor. Lastly, on the 12th of April, 1678, he was removed into the Monmouth: the command of this ship concluded his naval life.
---Biographia Navalis. J. Charnock, 1794.

Bill  •  Link

Richard Rooth, who commanded the "Dartmouth" - one of the ships which attended Charles II. on his return to England from Scheveling. He was knighted March 9th, 1675.
---Wheatley, 1896.

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Chart showing the number of references in each month of the diary’s entries.