The overlays that highlight 17th century London features are approximate and derived from Wenceslaus Hollar’s maps:
Open location in Google Maps: 51.486131, -0.310120
Not a mis-spelling; Brentford was the scene of an action early in the civil war when Prince Rupert's cavaliers overran a roundhead garrison and plundered the town. Accounts written at the time refer to the incident as "Brainford-fight" (12th November 1642). By 1722 it had become "Brentford" according to the list of market towns on the London Ancestor site: http://www.londonancestor.com/stow/stow-market-al…
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Also known as Braynford, Brentford and other spellings.
The battle is more commonly known as the "Battle of Turnham Green" and was one of the earliest in the Civil War. The Royalists gained the upper hand initially but after several days fighting retreated, so ending their march on London.
Brentford is at the junction of the Rivers Brent and Thames (and is now the terminus of the Grand Union Canal)and was one of the safest places to cross the river at a time when there were no bridges. Since it is about 10 miles from London it was the first staging post where coach horses were rested or changed before carrying on to Hounslow Heath, Staines, Windsor and Bath. Consequently there were a lot of coaching inns here, and the market was an important one.
Notable buildings include Syon House which was the home of the Duke of Northumberland and still is; and Boston Manor House (free). For modern Brentford read the humorous Brentford trilogy in five parts by Robert Rankin ("East of Ealing", "The Brentford Triangle", "The Sprouts of Wrath" etc.)
Chart showing the number of references in each month of the diary’s entries.