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The Earl of Pembroke
Philip Herbert, 5th Earl of Pembroke
Died11 December 1669
Title5th Earl of Pembroke
  • Penelope Naunton
  • Catherine Villiers
Children4 (including William, 6th Earl, Philip, 7th Earl, and Thomas, 8th Earl)
Parent(s)Philip Herbert, 4th Earl of Pembroke
Susan de Vere

Philip Herbert, 5th Earl of Pembroke, 2nd Earl of Montgomery (1621 – 11 December 1669), was an English nobleman and politician. He was the son of Philip Herbert, 4th Earl of Pembroke, and his first wife Susan de Vere. He succeeded his father in 1649.[1]

Portrait of Philip Herbert, 4th Earl of Pembroke, his wife Susan de Vere and his Family, by Anthony van Dyck.

In 1639, he married Penelope Naunton, widow of Paul Bayning, 2nd Viscount Bayning, and daughter of Sir Robert Naunton by his second wife, Penelope Perrot, widow of the astronomer Sir William Lower, and daughter of Sir Thomas Perrot and Dorothy Devereux.[2][3][4] They had one child, William, who succeeded his father as 6th Earl. In 1649, after the death of his first wife, he married Catherine Villiers, daughter of Sir William Villiers, 1st Baronet. They had one daughter and two sons, Philip and Thomas. Both sons later succeeded to their father's titles. Their daughter, Susan, married John Poulett, 3rd Baron Poulett. The younger Philip became notorious as "the infamous Earl", due to his frequent bouts of homicidal mania, during which he committed several murders.

He was MP for Wiltshire in 1640 and Glamorgan in 1640–1649.



Surveys of the Manors of Philip, earl of Pembroke and Montgomery, 1631-2, ed. E. Kerridge (Wiltshire Record Society vol. 9, 1953)

6 Annotations

First Reading

Shinjinee  •  Link

Philip Herbert, 5th Earl of Pembroke & 2nd Earl of Montgomery (1620/21-) inherited two earldoms from his father the 4th Earl of Pembroke & 1st Earl of Montgomery. The older earldom of Pembroke was created 1551 for the son of an illegitimate son of an earlier Herbert earl of Pembroke; the later earldom was created 1605. Pembroke's mother was the 4th Earl's first wife Lady Susan de Vere (d 1628/29) a daughter and coheiress of the 17th Earl of Oxford (of the ancient de Vere and a granddaughter maternally of the Elizabethan statesman William Cecil, Lord Burghley. Pembroke's second wife was a Villiers, related to Barbara Villiers, Lady Castlemaine and later Duchess of Cleveland (most prominent mistress of King Charles II). By her he had issue, including the 7th and 8th Earls.

Pembroke succeeded his father 1649/50, and died 11 December 1669. His elder son the 6th Earl (d 1674) was succeeded by a son of his second marriage the 7th Earl (dspm 1683) whose wife was a sister of Charles II's French-born mistress Louise de Keroualle, created Duchess of Portsmouth. [The present earls are descended from this earl's younger brother who became 8th Earl in 1683]. Pepys thus knew of at least five earls of Pembroke & Montgomery.

dirk  •  Link

"not a bad looking laddy"

Well, he must have looked somewhat worse for wear and tear by the time he's mentioned in Sam's diary. After all, the original picture of the 5th Pembroke by Van Dyck was made some time before 1641 - at least 20 yrs in the past by 1661. Nevertheless Van Dyck was known for his accuracy in portraits, so a handsome young aristo indeed...

Second Reading

Terry Foreman  •  Link

5th Earl of Pembroke. Engraving by Pierre Lombart, c.1660-63, based on portrait by Van Dyck of think 1635-36. From NPG. See terms of use. See more copies at NPG. See also Fitzwilliam Museum.…

Bill  •  Link

HERBERT, PHILIP, fifth Earl Of Pembroke (1619-1669), eldest surviving son of Philip Herbert, fourth earl of Pembroke; M.P., Glamorgan, in Long parliament; succeeded to his father's seat for Berkshire, 1650; president of council of state (June, July), 1652; councillor for trade and navigation, 1660; sold Wilton collections.
---Dictionary of National Biography: Index and Epitome, 1903

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Chart showing the number of references in each month of the diary’s entries.


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