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Arms of Trelawny: Argent, a chevron sable[1]

Sir Jonathan Trelawny, 2nd Baronet (ca. 1623 – 5 March 1681), of Trelawny in the parish of Pelynt in Cornwall, England, was a Member of Parliament.

Origins

He was the fourth child and eldest son and heir of Sir John Trelawny, 1st Baronet (d. 16 February 1664), Sheriff of Cornwall for 1630.

Career

He entered Parliament in 1660 as a Member of Parliament for his family's pocket borough of East Looe in Cornwall and the prestigious county seat of Cornwall in 1661.[2] He was elected for both East Looe and Liskeard in 1679 but was not called on to choose between them, and again in 1681, but died before Parliament convened.[3]

Marriage and children

Trelawne Manor – seat of the Trelawny family

He married Mary Seymour (1619–1680),[4] 6th daughter[5] of Sir Edward Seymour, 2nd Baronet (c. 1580–1659) of Berry Pomeroy in Devon, great-grandson of Edward Seymour, 1st Duke of Somerset, Lord Protector of England and eldest brother of Queen Jane Seymour (d. 1537), the third wife of King Henry VIII. By his wife he had six sons and at least one daughter as follows:

  • Captain John Trelawny (ca. 1646 – 14 May 1680), eldest son and heir apparent, a soldier killed in action at Tangier. He had no children and predeceased his father.[6]
  • Jonathan Trelawny, 2nd son, died an infant[7]
  • Sir Jonathan Trelawny, 3rd Baronet (1650–1721), 3rd and eldest surviving son and heir, destined for the priesthood, who succeeded his father in the baronetcy and became Bishop of Bristol, Bishop of Exeter and Bishop of Winchester.[7]
  • Major-General Charles Trelawny (ca. 1653 – 24 September 1731), a Member of Parliament[7]
  • William Trelawny, died unmarried[7]
  • Chichester Trelawny (d. 1694), unmarried[7]
  • Anne Trelawny, unmarried 1730, named in the wills of her brothers John & Charles. (V.O.C. page 577? s/be 477)
  • Brigadier-General Henry Trelawny (ca. 1658 – 8 January 1702), a Member of Parliament,[7] who married Rebecca Hals (1661–1699),[8] 5th daughter of Matthew Hals (d. 1675/6) of Efford in the parish of Eggbuckland,[9] and of Kenedon[10] in the parish of Sherford, both in Devon, and a co-heiress of her brother Matthew Hals (d. 1684) of Efford, from whom she inherited the manor of Efford.[11]
  • Mary Trelawny

References

  1. ^ Kidd, Charles, Debrett's peerage & Baronetage 2015 Edition, London, 2015, p.B796
  2. ^ Helms, M. W.; Watson, Paula (1983). "Trelawny, Jonathan I (c.1623-81)". In Henning, B. D. (ed.). The House of Commons 1660-1690. The History of Parliament Trust.
  3. ^ "TRELAWNY, Jonathan I (c.1623-81), of Trelawne, Pelynt, Cornw". History of Parliament Trust. Retrieved 28 April 2019.
  4. ^ Buried 5 March 1680
  5. ^ Vivian, Lt.Col. J.L., (Ed.) The Visitations of the County of Devon: Comprising the Heralds' Visitations of 1531, 1564 & 1620, Exeter, 1895, p. 703, pedigree of Seymour
  6. ^ Courtney, William Prideaux; Boase, George Clement (1878). Bibliotheca Cornubiensis. Longmans, Green, Reader and Dyer. p. 770. Retrieved 2 August 2007.
  7. ^ a b c d e f Kimber, Edward; Johnson, Richard; Wotton, Thomas (1771). The Baronetage of England. G. Woodfall. pp. 308–310. Retrieved 2 August 2007.
  8. ^ Date of birth per Vivian, p. 440
  9. ^ History of Parliament biography
  10. ^ Vivian, Lt.Col. J.L., (Ed.) The Visitations of the County of Devon: Comprising the Heralds' Visitations of 1531, 1564 & 1620, Exeter, 1895, pp. 439–40, pedigree of Hals of Kenedon
  11. ^ Risdon, Tristram (d.1640), Survey of Devon, 1811 edition, London, 1811, with 1810 Additions, p. 401

3 Annotations

Bill  •  Link

Sir Jonathan Trelawney, Baronet, one that is known to have sworn himself into 4000l. at least in his account of the prize-office, controller to the Duke, and has got in gratuities to the value of 10000l. besides what he is promised for being an informer.
---A Seasonable Argument ... for a New Parliament. Andrew Marvell, [1677] 1776.

San Diego Sarah  •  Link

TRELAWNY, Jonathan Senior, MP (c.1623-1681), of Trelawne, Pelynt, Cornwall.

A royalist, he was very active in the running of Cornwall after the Restoration, while also being a Gentleman of the privy chamber by June 1660-8; comptroller to the Duke of York 1668-74; ...

Trelawny’s ancestors held property in Cornwall since the 12th century, and first sat in Parliament in 1325.
Trelawne, which became the principal residence of the family in 1600, gave them an interest at Liskeard, and more particularly in nearby East and West Looe.
Trelawny’s father, ... was a royalist commissioner in the Civil War, when his estate was valued at £1,000 p.a.

Trelawny, while in his ’teens, raised a company of foot for King Charles, and finished the war in command of a regiment of cavalry.

During the Interregnum, Trelawny was one of the most active and persistent royalist conspirators in Cornwall.
He was imprisoned 9 times, and sentenced to death 3 times.

In the winter of 1659-60 he spent £300 ‘in preparation of horses, arms and men for his Majesty’s service’.

Although, under the last ordinance of the Long Parliament, Trelawny was ineligible at the general election of 1660, he was involved in a double return at East Looe, and allowed to take his seat on the merits of the return.

Lord Wharton considered him a friend both in this Parliament and the next.

At the Restoration he was given a Court post, and petitioned for the lease of the import duties on hock, or alternatively for an allowance out of the profits. Clarendon reminded Charles II:
"... he was always one of those that kept constant correspondence with you and performed many services for you, for which he suffered very many and long imprisonments, and I find that his estate is thereby very much impaired."

He was returned for Cornwall at the general election of 1661, when his brother John and his brother-in-law Henry Seymour were elected at East Looe.

An active Member of the Cavalier Parliament, he was appointed to at least 194 committees, made 14 recorded speeches, and acted as teller in 34 divisions.

(There are 7 Trelawneys in the Parliaments of Charles II, so the records are somewhat confused as to which one said what.)

San Diego Sarah  •  Link

PART 2

In 1663 he was added to the committee to consider a petition from the loyal and indigent officers, and appointed to one to prevent abuses in the sale of offices and honours.
He was paid £1,200 as royal bounty, followed by £500 in 1664, when he was listed as a court dependant.

A correspondent of Joseph Williamson, he reported great discontent over taxation, and ‘a general inclination to ease the two next subsidies’.

On 13 Jan. 1665 he acted as teller for debating relief for Cornwall.

During the second Anglo-Dutch war he was given a post in the prize office, and a lease of the coinage duty on tin.
He acted six times as teller for supply, inspiring Andrew Marvell to include in his description of the court party:
"The troop of privilege, a rabble bare
Of debtors deep, fell to Trelawny’s care."

He was named to the committee on the bill for illegitimizing Lady Roos’ children (21 Jan. 1667).
On the following day he acted as teller for extending the royal favor to all merchants hurt by the prohibition of French trade.

After the fall of Clarendon, Trelawny was among those appointed to report on the charges against Lord Mordaunt and the public accounts bill, and to examine the accounts of the indigent officers fund.

When Parliament met in the New Year, he proposed raising a loan of £100,000 in the City, and tabled a particular of the bishops’ bounty, from which it appeared that they had given £413,800 to the King ‘and other pious and charitable works’.
In the divisions on extending the Conventicles Act he favoured the substitution of fines for imprisonment, but opposed a proviso directed at the Roman Catholics.
On 6 May he was added to the committee for the impeachment of Henry Brouncker.

During the summer of 1668 he became comptroller to the Duke of York, succeeding Lord Newport, who had been promoted to the royal household. (It was alleged he bought the post with his profits as ‘a private forsworn cheat in the prize office’.)

When it was proposed to suspend Sir George Carteret from the House in 1669, he pointed out that no precedents for this course had been reported by the committee ordered to search for them in the case of (Sir) William Penn.

These are highlights from his Parliamentary bio:
https://www.historyofparliamentonline.org/volume/…

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References

Chart showing the number of references in each month of the diary’s entries.

1669

  • Mar