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Andrew Newport JP (baptised 30 November 1622 – 11 September 1699),[1] styled The Honourable from 1642, was an English Tory politician, courtier and royalist.

Background

He was the second son of Richard Newport, 1st Baron Newport, and his wife Rachel, daughter of Sir John Leveson,[2] and baptised at High Ercall, Shropshire.[3] His older brother was Francis Newport, 1st Earl of Bradford.[2] He was educated at a school in Wroxeter, and Christ Church, Oxford.[4] Like his father and brother, Newport was an active supporter of King Charles II of England during the English Civil War.[4] After the Penruddock uprising in 1655 and the failed pro-Royalist military activities of Sir George Booth, 2nd Baronet, in 1659, he was arrested each time and imprisoned.[4] Following the English Restoration, he was nominated for a proposed Order of the Royal Oak and an estate worth £800 a year was settled on him,[5] with his principal lands being at Deythur, near Llandrinio, Montgomeryshire.[6]

Career

In 1660, following the English Restoration, Newport was called to the court as Esquire of the Body.[7] From 1667 to 1681 he served as comptroller of the Great Wardrobe[7] and was subsequently nominated a Commissioner of Customs in 1681, an office he held until 1685.[8] Newport entered the English House of Commons in a by-election in 1661, sitting for Montgomeryshire until 1679.[1] He was returned for Preston from 1685 until 1689[9] and then for Shrewsbury until 1698.[10] Militarily, Newport held commission as Captain of a company of foot on the Portsmouth garrison from 1662 to 1673.[5][6] Newport was a Custos Rotulorum of Montgomeryshire between January and December 1679.[11] He was again appointed in 1685, until 1687 and exercised this post a third time from 1691 until his death eight years later.[11] Newport represented the county also as Justice of the Peace and was Commissioner for Assessment of Salop and Montgomeryshire several times.[4] Newport was one of a number of men unsuccessfully implicated by Jacobite conspirator Sir John Fenwick when prosecuted in 1695 prior to the latter's eventual execution in 1697, the allegation being that while Newport was absent from London he allowed his home in Berkeley Street to be used for meetings by two Jacobite noblemen.[6]

Death

Newport died unmarried and childless,[2] at Eyton-on-Severn, Shropshire, the home of his nephew, Lord Newport,[6] in 1699 aged 76, and was buried in the chancel at nearby Wroxeter church.[5] He left his estates and a £40,000 fortune to his younger nephew Thomas Newport.[6]

Literary reference

Andrew Newport has been speculatively identified with the Andrew Newport who nominally wrote Memoirs of a Cavalier (published 1720), a supposedly factual but possibly fictional account of experiences in the Thirty Years' War and Royalist campaigns in England by a Shropshire-born soldier. It was published by Daniel Defoe, strongly suspected to be the real author,[12] over 20 years after the death of this Andrew Newport, who was only ten years old in the year the account begins (1632). Although of age (twenty in 1642) to have served in the English Civil War, there is doubt in absence of record that Newport did and he appears in no list of royalists fined by parliament for delinquency, unlike his father and elder brother.[5]

References

  1. ^ a b "Leigh Rayment - British House of Commons, Montgomeryshire". Archived from the original on 10 August 2009. Retrieved 23 July 2009.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: unfit URL (link)
  2. ^ a b c Burke, John (1831). A General and Heraldic Dictionary of the Peerages of England, Ireland, and Scotland. London: Henry Colburn and Richard Bentley. p. 396.
  3. ^ Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Volume 40. Oxford University Press. 2004. pp. 669–70. ISBN 0-19-861390-3.Article by C.H. Firth, revised by Sean Kelsey
  4. ^ a b c d Henning, Basil Duke (1983). The House of Commons, 1660-1690. Vol. I. London: Secker & Warburg. pp. 136–137. ISBN 0-436-19274-8.
  5. ^ a b c d Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Volume 40. p. 670.
  6. ^ a b c d e http://www/histparl.ac.uk/volume/1690-1715/member/newport-hon-andrew-1622-99
  7. ^ a b "Loyola University Chicago - The Database of Court Officers 1660-1837" (PDF). Retrieved 24 July 2009.
  8. ^ Haydn, Joseph (1851). The Book of Dignities: Containing Rolls of the Official Personages of the British Empire. London: Longman, Brown, Green and Longman's. pp. 497.
  9. ^ "Leigh Rayment - Baronetage, Preston". Archived from the original on 10 August 2009. Retrieved 23 July 2009.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: unfit URL (link)
  10. ^ "Leigh Rayment - British House of Commons, Shrewsbury". Archived from the original on 8 October 2018. Retrieved 24 July 2009.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: unfit URL (link)
  11. ^ a b "Institute of Historical Research - Custodes Rotulorum 1660-1828". Archived from the original on 23 December 2012. Retrieved 23 July 2009.
  12. ^ Dickins, Gordon (1987). An Illustrated Literary Guide to Shropshire. Shropshire Libraries. p. 22. ISBN 0-903802-37-6.

1 Annotation

San Diego Sarah  •  Link

Andrew Newport’s father and elder brother were active Royalists in the Civil Wars, and during the Interregnum, as a younger son he became treasurer of the Cavalier funds in England. An active conspirator, he derided the caution of the Sealed Knot, so he was probably a member of Prince Rupert's group, The Great Trust and Commission.

Andrew Newport was arrested after Penruddock’s Rising, 1655, when he was supposed to seize Shrewsbury for Charles II.

Newport was again arrested after the rising of Sir George Booth in 1659. He spent four months in the Tower before being released on £1,500 security.

At the Restoration, Andrew Newport became a courtier, attending Charles II at the great entertainment given by the City of London in July 1660.

He was proposed for the order of the Royal Oak with an income estimated at £800 p.a..

At the general election of 1661 Andrew Newport considered standing for Shrewsbury on the family interest, but instead was returned for Montgomeryshire at a by-election later in the year, doubtless with the support of his friend and kinsman, the 3rd Lord Herbert of Chirbury.

A moderately active Member of the Cavalier Parliament, Andrew Newport MP was appointed to 123 committees.

Pepys probably had dealings with Newport as he was granted a lease of the extra-parochial tithes in Delamere forest at a quarter of their real value.

A prize commissioner in the second Anglo-Dutch war, Andrew Newport MP was allowed to purchase a prize ship, and was named during the Oxford session to the committee on the bill to prevent the embezzlement of prize goods.

Andrew Newport MP twice acted as teller with Henry Brouncker MP in December 1666, for putting the question on a proviso to the public accounts bill and for continuing the debate on supply.

A new post was created for Newport at the Great Wardrobe with a salary of £300 p.a. after the discovery of gross maladministration by Clarendon’s ally, Edward Montagu, Earl of Sandwich. (Seems a bit harsh, considering Sandwich wasn't in England at the time.)

Pepys must have made a good impression, as in 1674 Newport made a speech rejecting the report from the elections committee recommending that the election of Samuel Pepys, the court candidate at Castle Rising, should be declared void. (Yes, that's a parliamentary double negative.)

For more, see
https://www.historyofparliamentonline.org/volume/…

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References

Chart showing the number of references in each month of the diary’s entries.

1668

1669