The overlays that highlight 17th century London features are approximate and derived from Wenceslaus Hollar’s maps:

Open location in Google Maps: 51.020988, 2.248862


This text was copied from Wikipedia on 19 June 2024 at 3:10AM.

51°01′52″N 2°18′22″E / 51.031°N 2.3061°E / 51.031; 2.3061

Fort-Mardyck is located in Nord-Pas-de-Calais
Location of Fort-Mardyck in Nord-Pas-de-Calais

Fort-Mardyck (French pronunciation: [fɔʁ maʁdik]; Dutch: Fort-Mardijk; West Flemish: Fort-Mardyk) is a former commune in the Nord department in northern France. It has been part of the commune of Dunkirk since 9 December 2010.[1][2] In 2019 it had 3,403 inhabitants.[3]


A map of the fort of Mardyck and the attacks of 1646, from the Atlas van Loon.

The fort of Mardyck was constructed in 1622 by architect Jean Gamel. It was built for the Spanish who ruled Flanders at the time. The fort was captured by the French in 1644 but then lost to the Spanish in 1652. The fort was again besieged and captured by an Anglo-French force under the Comte de Turrenne on 21 September 1657. Turrene handed the fort over to the English Commonwealth in accordance with the terms of their involvement. The following month the Spanish attempted to retake the fort one last time but the English garrison managed to repel the assault.[4] After having bought Dunkirk and the fort of Mardyck from the English in 1662, King Louis XIV of France ordered that the fort be dismantled.

On 12 February 1867, a French imperial decree established Fort-Mardyck as an independent municipality.


Flag of Fort-Mardyck
Arms of Fort-Mardyck
Arms of Fort-Mardyck
The arms of Fort-Mardyck are blazoned :
Gules, unicorn salient argent, on a chief a sun in her splendour, all within a bordure Or. (The emblazon shows a per fess field, which would make more sense, rather than a field and chief...)


External links

1893 text

A fort four miles east of Dunkirk, probably dismantled when that town was sold to Louis XIV.

This text comes from a footnote on a diary entry in the 1893 edition edited by Henry B. Wheatley.

1 Annotation

First Reading

Terry Foreman  •  Link

Mardyck (Dutch: Mardijk) is a former commune in the Nord department in northern France.…

The Treaty of Paris signed in March 1657 allied the English Protectorate of Oliver Cromwell with King Louis XIV of France against King Philip IV of Spain, merging the Anglo-Spanish War (1654–1660) with the larger Franco-Spanish War (1635-1659).

Based on the terms of the treaty, the English would join with France in her continuing war against Spain in Flanders. France would contribute an army of 20,000 men, England would contribute both 6,000 troops and the English fleet in a campaign against the Flemish coastal fortresses of Gravelines, Dunkirk and Mardyck. It was agreed that Gravelines would be ceded to France, Dunkirk and Mardyck to England.…

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Chart showing the number of references in each month of the diary’s entries.



  • Jan