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The Viscount Campden
Portrait of Baptist Noel, 3rd Viscount Campden (by J. Henesy).jpg
Posthumous portrait of Baptist Noel, 3rd Viscount Campden (by J. Henesy, 1737)
Member of Parliament for Rutland
In office
Serving with Sir Guy Palmes
Preceded byParliament suspended since 1629
Succeeded bySeats vacant until 1646
Personal details
Baptist Noel

Exton, Rutland, England
Died29 October 1682(1682-10-29) (aged 70–71)
Lady Anne Feilding
(m. 1632; died 1656)​
Anne Bourchier, Countess of Bath
(m. 1638; died 1639)​
Hester Wotton
(m. 1639; died 1645)​
(m. 1655)​
RelationsBaptist Hicks, 1st Viscount Campden (grandfather)
Parent(s)Edward Noel, 2nd Viscount Campden
Hon. Juliana Hicks

Baptist Noel, 3rd Viscount Campden (1611 – 29 October 1682) was an English politician.[1] He was Lord Lieutenant of Rutland, Custos Rotulorum of Rutland and the Member of Parliament for Rutland.

Early life

Baptist Noel was born at Exton Hall, Rutland the son of Edward Noel, 2nd Viscount Campden and the former Hon. Juliana Hicks. His younger brother, Hon. Henry Noel, married Mary Perry. His sister, Hon. Elizabeth Noel, was the wife of John Chaworth, 2nd Viscount Chaworth, and other sister, Hon. Mary Noel, was the wife of Sir Erasmus de la Fontaine, of Kirby Ballers.

His father was the eldest son and heir of Sir Andrew Noel and Mabel Harington (sister of John Harington, 1st Baron Harington). His mother was the eldest daughter and co-heiress of Baptist Hicks, 1st Viscount Campden and Elizabeth May, sister of Sir Humphrey May, Master of the Rolls, children of Richard May, a merchant tailor of London.


In 1640, he was returned alongside Sir Guy Palmes as a Member of Parliament for Rutland after Parliament had been suspended since 1629.

Noel succeeded to his titles on the death of his father in 1643 and was required to leave the House of Commons. He was also Baron Noel of Ridlington and Baron Hicks of Ilmington. He was elected as a knight of the shire for Rutland in the Long Parliament of 1640.

During the Civil War he was a military commander, rising to the level of brigadier-general. A supporter of King Charles, he was fined £9,000 for delinquency and Campden House, his house at Campden was destroyed.

Personal life

Memorial to Baptist Noel, 3rd Viscount Campden, in the church of St Peter & St Paul, Exton

Noel was married four times. His first marriage was on 25 December 1632 to Lady Anne Feilding, a daughter of William Feilding, 1st Earl of Denbigh. Before her death on 24 March 1656, they had three children, all of whom died young.[2]

His second marriage was on c. June 1638 to Anne Bourchier, Countess of Bath. Ann, the widow of Edward Bourchier, 4th Earl of Bath, was a daughter of Sir Robert Lovett of Liscombe, Buckinghamshire. She died in 1639.

He married thirdly on 21 December 1639 to Hester Wotton, a daughter of Thomas Wotton, 2nd Baron Wotton. Before her death on c. 1645, they were the parents of four daughters and two sons, including:

His fourth, and final, marriage was on 6 July 1655 to Lady Elizabeth Bertie (1640–1683),[6] daughter of Montagu Bertie, 2nd Earl of Lindsey. Together, they were the parents of nine children, including:

Lord Campden died on 29 October 1682 and was buried in the church of St Peter and St Paul, Exton. His grave is marked by a fine marble tomb by Grinling Gibbons, dating from 1685, showing the Viscount with his fourth wife, Lady Elizabeth Bertie, and carvings of his nineteen children.[8] He was succeeded by his eldest surviving son, Edward Noel, 1st Earl of Gainsborough.[9]


3 Annotations

First Reading

Paul Brewster  •  Link

Wheatley Notes: Baptist, third Viscount Campden, Lord Lieutenant of Rutlandshire. Died 1682. Campden House was built about 1612 by Sir Baptist Hicks, first Viscount Campden. The third Earl entertained Charles II here immediately after the Restoration. The house was burnt down March 23rd, 1862, and rebuilt soon afterwards.

Second Reading

Bill  •  Link

Baptist Noel, second Viscount Campden, Lord Lieutenant of Rutlandshire. Ob. [died] 1683. Campden House was occupied in 1846 as a Ladies' School, it contained some fine rooms, of which engravings have been made.
---Diary and correspondence of Samuel Pepys, the diary deciphered by J. Smith. 1854.

Bill  •  Link

Baptist Lord Viscount Campden, was as loyal as his father to King Charles I. having raised and maintained at his own costs, troop of horse, and a company of foot in the King's service, at his then garrison at Beaver; and paid to the sequestrators 9000l. composition for his estate, besides 150l. per ann. settled on the teachers of the times. After the restoration of King Charles II. he was made Lord-Lieutenant of the county of Rutland; and departing this life at Exton, was buried on the north-side of that church, where a noble monument is erected to his memory, the statues of his Lordship, and his last Lady, standing upright between a pedestal, &c. and on two tables of black marble, are the following inscriptions:
Here resteth Baptist Noel, Lord Viscount Campden, Baron of Ridlington and Ilmington, Lord-Lieutenant of the county of Rutland. His eminent loyalty to his two Sovereigns King Charles I. and II. his conjugal affection to four wives; his paternal indulgence to nineteen children; his hospitality and liberality to all that desired or deserved it, (notwithstanding inestimable losses in his estate, frequent imprisonments of his person, spoil and havock of several of his houses, besides the burning of that noble pile of Campden) have justly rendered him the admiration of his contemporaries, and the imitation of posterity. He left his life for the exchange and fruition of a better, the 29th day of October, in the LXXI. year of his age, anno domini M.DC.LXXXIII
---Peerage of England. A. Collins, 1756.

He [Sir Baptist Hicks] left no Heirs Male, whereupon this Manor [Campden] passed to Juliana his eldest Daughter, who marrying to Edward Lord Noel, he became Lord of it and dying in 1643, left it to Baptist Lord Noel, his Son and Heir who in right of his Mother was made Viscount Camden ...
---Magna Britannia. T. Cox, 1720.

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Chart showing the number of references in each month of the diary’s entries.