2 Annotations

Second Reading

San Diego Sarah  •  Link


"I to Sir W. Pen about the business of Mrs. Turner’s son to keep his ship in employment,"

L&M: Frank Turner (naval captain, and son of Thomas Turner of the Navy Office) had been forced to transfer men from his ship to Harman's fleet: cf. Penn to Pepys, 7 April: CSPD 1667, p. 17. In 1668 he entered the service of the E. India Company.


"... and then comes Mrs. Turner to enquire after her son’s business, which goes but bad, which led me to show her how false Sir W. Pen is to her, whereupon she told me his obligations to her, and promises to her, and how a while since he did show himself dissatisfied in her son’s coming to the table and applying himself to me, which is a good nut, and a nut I will make use of."

L&M transcribe "is a good note, and a note I will make use of."


"While we were sitting in the garden comes Mrs. Turner to advise about her son, the Captain, when I did give her the best advice I could, to look out for some land employment for him, a peace being at hand, when few ships will be employed and very many, and these old Captains, to be provided for."

L&M: Turner's ship had been laid up: CSPD 1667, p. 17. Half-pay for unemployed naval officers had not yet been introduced: see https://www.pepysdiary.com/diary/1666/12/16/#c290…

“An alternate method of retaining unemployed officers was half pay, first granted in 1668 to admirals who has served in the Second Dutch War. In 1674 it was extended to former captains of First and Second Rates, and in 1675 to former masters of the same ships, and to former commodores. From the beginning it was unclear whether this was a reward for past or a retainer for future service. Superannuation, introduced for warrant officers in 1672 , was clearly intended as a comfort in retirement, but it was entirely discretionary, and the Navy had to wait for nearly two centuries for standard retirement pensions. ..."

San Diego Sarah  •  Link


“She says that their son, Mr. William Pen, did tell her that his father did observe the commanders did make their addresses to me and applications, but they should know that his father should be the chief of the office, and that she hath observed that Sir W. Pen never had a kindness to her son, since W. Pen told her son that he had applied himself to me. That his rise hath been by her and her husband’s means, and that it is a most inconceivable thing how this man can have the face to use her and her family with the neglect that he do them.”


"Mr. Turner and his wife, and their son the Captain, dined with me, and I had a very good dinner for them, and very merry, ..."


“Tonight come and sat with me Mr. Turner and his wife and tell me of a design of sending their son Franke to the East Indy Company’s service if they can get him entertainment, which they are promised by Sir Andr. Rickard, which I do very well like of.“

Entertainment . . 2.b. Provision for the support of persons in service (esp. soldiers); concr. pay, wages. Obs.


"In the evening comes Mrs. Turner to visit us, who hath been long sick, and she sat and supped with us, and after supper, her son Francke being there, now upon the point of his going to the East Indys, I did give him “Lex Mercatoria,” and my wife my old pair of tweezers, which are pretty, and my book an excellent one for him."


"… and so home to supper, where Betty Turner was (whose brother Frank did set out toward the East Indies this day, his father and mother gone down with him to Gravesend), …"

Bon voyage, Capt. Frank. I wonder where your travels took you.

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Chart showing the number of references in each month of the diary’s entries.