5 Annotations

First Reading

Paul Brewster  •  Link

L&M Companion: "Presumably known to Pepys, in his days at the Exchequer, as excise farmer for Northumberland. A prot

Second Reading

Bill  •  Link

THIS Parliament ... began at Westminster, Sept. 3, 1654, and held to Jan. 22 following.

Boroughs of Dumfreize, Sanclan, Lochmaben, Annand, Wigton, Kirkudbright, Whitborne, and Galloway
Major Jeremiah Tollhurst Esq. Burgess of Dumfrieze.

THIS Parliament ... met Jan. 27, 1658-9, and continued till Oct. 13, at whichTime, being interrupted sitting, they assembled again Dec. 26, and sate till Mar. 16 following; when they passed a Vote, not only for dissolving themselves, but the last Parliament, called Nov. 3, 1640, by Royal Authority; and summoning a new Parliament to meet on April 25, 1660, which on their Session called back the King, and restored the Constitution in Church and State.

Boroughs of Dumfrieze, Sauclan, Lockmaben, Annand, Wigton, Kirkudbright, Whitborne, and Galloway
Jeremy Tolhurst Esq.
---Notitia Parliamentaria. B. Willis, 1750.

Bill  •  Link

Ordered, That the Sum of One hundred Pounds,which Major Jeremiah Tolhurst, Governor of Newcastle, is out of Purse, in keeping that Garrison, shall be paid unto the said Jeremiah Tolhurst, or his Assigns, out of the Excise ...

From: 'House of Commons Journal Volume 8: 5 September 1660', Journal of the House of Commons: volume 8: 1660-1667 (1802), pp. 152-154.

In April 1660, Tolhurst was elected Member of Parliament for Carlisle in the Convention Parliament. He was commissioner for assessment for Northumberland from August 1660 to 1661, sub-commissioner of excise for Cumberland and Westmorland from 1661 to 1662 and customs official for Newcastle by 1664. In 1669 he was a major in Sayer's Company of Foot. Tolhurst emigrated to the West Indies before July 1671 and died intestate in Jamaica three months later.

Third Reading

San Diego Sarah  •  Link

Born in Nov. 1615, the only son of Jeremy Tolherst, yeoman, of Icklesham, Sussex by Elizabeth, daughter of Paul Wymond, attorney of Winchelsea, Sussex.

Jeremiah Tolhurst married in 1636, Elizabeth, the daughter and heir of Robert Soule, tailor, of Rye, Sussex, They had a daughter before the mother died. By 1661, he had remarried, and had a son and 3 daughters.

His father died in 1623, and Tolhurst received at least £100 when he came of age. Through his mother he was connected with the leading families in the Cinque Ports, and his first wife brought him 3 houses in Rye.

A tailor by trade, Tolhurst served in a Kentish regiment during the Civil Wars before transferring to the New Model Army.

After defending the regimental pay-chest in a Leveller mutiny, Major Tolhurst went north as a follower of Sir Arthur Hesilrige MP.
He acquired interests in coal and salt, and helped to supply Cromwell's army during the Scottish campaign.
But one of his daughters married the son of a Cumbrian Cavalier, so he came under suspicion.

As deputy to Charles Howard MP at Carlisle, Major Tolhurst wrote to George Monck MP after the return of the secluded Members: "I shall be very vigilant to secure this garrison and the country for the service of the present Parliament, for whom I first took up arms, ... All men in these parts, except Anabaptists, Independents, and Quakers, are well pleased, and I believe you will find that party adverse everywhere. I am sorry to say so, for I bear respect to some of them."

On his promotion to governor of Newcastle in 1660, Tolhurst was described as one 'not enamoured' of the republican form of government.

Tolhurst was returned for Carlisle at the general election of 1660, on Charles Howard MP's interest, and marked as a friend on Lord Wharton's list. He was appointed to 4 committees; his only speech, in defence of Hesilige, did him no harm, as he soon received an order to reimburse him out of the excise for £100 spent on the Newcastle garrison.

San Diego Sarah  •  Link


Jeremiah Tolhurst MP did not stand again and resumed his business interests on Tyneside.

After a brief spell as excise commissioner in Cumberland and Westmorland he was given a post in the customs, which brought him into conflict with Sir Horatio, Lord Townshend MP over the fraudlent measurement of coal imports.

On behalf of the Newcastle hostmen he submitted a memorandum to the commission for balancing trade with Scotland in 1668. After clearing his excise account at the Exchequer, he emigrated to the West Indies.

Sir Anthony Ashley Cooper, Lord Ashley MP wrote to him in July 1671:
"Had I known of your intentions of going to America before you left England, I should have proposed an employment in a country like to afford you greater advantages. ... To carry out so promising a beginning I know no man fitter than yourself, nor to whose care I could with more confidence commit the management of those people."

Tolhurst died intestate in Jamaica 3 months later.

For more details, see https://www.historyofparliamenton… .

In January 1663 Pepys says: "Hither comes Major Tolhurst, one of my old acquaintance in Cromwell’s time, and sometimes of our clubb, ..." He doesn't sound like someone who would have participated in the Rota Club to me, so Pepys probably belong to some other clubs???

Log in to post an annotation.

If you don't have an account, then register here.


Chart showing the number of references in each month of the diary’s entries.



  • Jan