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Armand de Gramont
Count of Guiche
Portrait painting of Guy Armand de Gramont Count of Guiche by an unknown artist.jpg
Full name
Guy Armand
Born25 November 1637
Died29 November 1673 (aged 36)
Spouse(s)Marguerite-Louise-Suzanne de Béthune
FatherAntoine de Gramont
MotherFrançoise Marguerite du Plessis

Guy Armand de Gramont, Count of Guiche (November 25, 1637 – November 29, 1673), was a French nobleman, adventurer and one of the greatest playboys of the 17th century.

He was the son of Marshal Antoine III de Gramont and Françoise-Marguerite du Plessis de Chivré, Richelieu's niece. His sister was Catherine Charlotte, (1639–1678), Princess of Monaco and one time mistress of Louis XIV of France.[1]

Armand was bisexual. He was part of the entourage of Philippe de France, who was said to be bisexual, where many reckoned him the handsomest man at court.[2] He was known for being vain, overbearing, and somewhat contemptuous, but many lovers of both sexes often overlooked these flaws. It is generally accepted that he became the lover of Princess Henrietta, Philippe's wife, but for a time he also paid court to Louise de La Vallière.

Guiche was, however, not sufficiently enamored with Louise to challenge King Louis XIV's affections for her. He was exiled in 1662 for conspiring with the jealous Henrietta to drive a wedge between Louis XIV and Louise.

He then fought against the Turks for Poland and against the English for the Dutch, and eventually returned to France in 1669.

He returned to court in 1671. In 1672, he joined Louis XIV and the Great Condé in the Franco-Dutch war and covered himself in glory when he swam across the Rhine, and the whole army followed his example.

Portrayals in literature

The Comte de Guiche appears in Alexandre Dumas's novels Twenty Years After and The Vicomte de Bragelonne, where he is portrayed as the closest friend of Raoul, son of the musketeer Athos.[3] In the latter novel, he is included in the entourage of Prince Philippe, and takes a central part in the tangled web of romantic intrigues which engulf the court.[3]

References

  1. ^ Labau, Denis (2005). Guy-Armand de Gramont, Comte de Guiche: Un Franc Gaulois à La Cour du Roi-Soleil, 1637-1673 (in French) (Des Régionalismes ed.). Monein, France: Pyrémonde-princi negue. ISBN 9782846182508. OCLC 64167123..mw-parser-output cite.citation{font-style:inherit}.mw-parser-output q{quotes:"\"""\"""'""'"}.mw-parser-output code.cs1-code{color:inherit;background:inherit;border:inherit;padding:inherit}.mw-parser-output .cs1-lock-free a{background:url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/6/65/Lock-green.svg/9px-Lock-green.svg.png")no-repeat;background-position:right .1em center}.mw-parser-output .cs1-lock-limited a,.mw-parser-output .cs1-lock-registration a{background:url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/d/d6/Lock-gray-alt-2.svg/9px-Lock-gray-alt-2.svg.png")no-repeat;background-position:right .1em center}.mw-parser-output .cs1-lock-subscription a{background:url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/a/aa/Lock-red-alt-2.svg/9px-Lock-red-alt-2.svg.png")no-repeat;background-position:right .1em center}.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration{color:#555}.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription span,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration span{border-bottom:1px dotted;cursor:help}.mw-parser-output .cs1-hidden-error{display:none;font-size:100%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-visible-error{font-size:100%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration,.mw-parser-output .cs1-format{font-size:95%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-left,.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-wl-left{padding-left:0.2em}.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-right,.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-wl-right{padding-right:0.2em}
  2. ^ Hosford, Desmond (April 15, 2013). Le Vice Italien: Philippe d'Orléans—Constructing the Sodomite in Seventeenth-Century France (Ph.D. thesis). New York, NY: City University of New York. p. 230. ISBN 9781303535956. Document No. 3601874 – via ProQuest Dissertations Publishing.
  3. ^ a b Deibert, Alan T. (1929). "Review of Le Vicomte de Bragelonne and Dix Ans Plus Tard by Alexandre Dumas". The Modern Language Journal. 14 (2): 180–181. doi:10.2307/315281.

See also

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References

Chart showing the number of references in each month of the diary’s entries.

1666