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Charles Stewart, 3rd Duke of Richmond and 6th Duke of Lennox by Sir Peter Lely.

Charles Stewart, 3rd Duke of Richmond, 6th Duke of Lennox KG (7 March 1639 – December 1672) was the only son of George Stewart, 9th Seigneur d'Aubigny and Katherine Howard, daughter of Theophilus Howard, 2nd Earl of Suffolk. He was the grandson of Esmé Stewart, 3rd Duke of Lennox.

On 10 December 1645 he was created Baron Stuart of Newbury, Berkshire, and Earl of Lichfield, titles conferred on him "to perpetuate the titles which were intended to have been conferred on his uncle" Lord Bernard Stewart, youngest son of the Duke of Lennox, who had been killed in the Battle of Rowton Heath in the English Civil War in September of that year.[1]

In January 1658, Charles Stewart went into exile in France, and took up his residence in the house of his uncle, Ludovic, seigneur d'Aubigny. In the following year he fell under the displeasure of The Protectorate's Council of State, and warrants were issued for seizing his person and goods.[2]

Charles Stewart married, firstly, Elizabeth Rogers, after June 1659. He married, secondly, Margaret Banaster, on 31 March 1662. He married, thirdly, Frances Teresa Stewart, granddaughter of Walter Stewart, 1st Lord Blantyre, in March 1667. This last marriage was famous, as Frances Stewart had been desired by Richmond's cousin, King Charles II, as a mistress.

Charles Stewart returned to England with Charles II in 1660, and sat in the Convention Parliament, showing great animosity towards the supporters of the Commonwealth.[2] On the death of his 10-year-old cousin Esmé Stewart on 10 August 1660, Charles Stewart succeeded as third Duke of Richmond and sixth Duke of Lennox.[1] In that same year he was created Hereditary Great Chamberlain of Scotland, Hereditary Great Admiral of Scotland, and Lord-Lieutenant of Dorset. On 15 April 1661 he was invested with the Order of the Garter.[2]

On the death of his uncle, Ludovic Stuart, he succeeded him as 12th Seigneur D'Aubigny, for which title he did homage by proxy to Louis XIV of France on 11 May 1670. In July 1667, on the death of his cousin, Mary Butler, countess of Arran, he became Baron Clifton, and on 4 May 1668 he was made lord lieutenant and vice admiral of Kent jointly with the Earl of Winchilsea.[2]

In 1671 he was sent as ambassador to the Danish court to persuade Denmark to join England and France in a projected attack on the Dutch. While there he died (by drowning) in 1672, aged 33 at Elsinore,[1][2] without issue, and his titles became extinct, with the exception of Baron Clifton, which passed with most of his property to his sister Katherine, Lady O'Brien. He was buried on 20 September 1673 at Westminster Abbey.

The titles Duke of Richmond, Duke of Lennox and Earl of March, were resurrected for Charles II's illegitimate son by Louise de Kérouaille, Charles Lennox, 1st Duke of Richmond and Lennox, in 1675.

See also

Honorary titles
Interregnum Lord Lieutenant of Dorset
Succeeded by
The Lord Ashley
Preceded by
The Earl of Winchilsea
The Earl of Southampton
Lord Lieutenant of Kent
Succeeded by
The Earl of Winchilsea
Title last held by
Sir Thomas Walsingham
Vice-Admiral of Kent
Peerage of Scotland
Preceded by
Esmé Stewart
Duke of Richmond and Lennox
Peerage of England
Preceded by
New creation
Earl of Lichfield
Preceded by
Mary Butler
Baron Clifton
Succeeded by
Katherine O'Brien


  1. ^ a b c Money 1881, pp. 187–188
  2. ^ a b c d e Dictionary of National Biography, p. 73


2 Annotations

Bill  •  Link

Charles Lenos [or Lenox], duke of Richmond, was a natural son of Charles II. by his favourite mistress, the dutchess of Portsmouth, who had no other issue. The earl of Shaftesbury, who well knew her influence over the king, amused her with the flattering but visionary hopes of a parliamentary settlement of the crown upon the duke, her son. He married Anne, eldest daughter of Francis, lord Brudenel, and widow of Henry, lord Bellafyfe, of Worlabye. He was grandfather to the present duke of Richmond. Ob. 1723.
---A Biographical History of England. J. Granger, 1779.

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Chart showing the number of references in each month of the diary’s entries.