Daily entries from the 17th century London diary
In this context, “black” means having dark hair colour or complexion.
The old expression for a brunette.
When Pepys refers to someone as being "black" he means, according to L&M's glossary, "brunette, dark in hair or complexion."
This usage persisted for a long time. Jane Austen uses the same expression in her letters.
Sir Wm: Batten used the word Negroe in his Will in 1667 which kind of enforces the Idea that Black was of Hair and complexion more of the Meditteranean hue, as contrasted with the Anglo-Saxon Coloring.
another instance of name descrp:from diary :mar 28 61".... At last we made Mingo, Sir W. Batten
Phil et al;Black person. I used to think that "black", at these times meant as you say, ie. dark haired. Now I'm not at all sure that this is in any way definitive in spite of L&M. Check out Shakespeare's dark Lady etc. below and tell me if it doesn't shake the theory a little.http://www.geocities.com/Athens/Troy/4081/DarkL...
It means bothUsed in referring to a person who is “brunette, dark in hair or complexion” and, as we have seen in the case of Mingo, to Africans, who are dark in hair and complexion.
Interesting that the application of the word as description easily covers the "new kid on the block" as Africans are brought or come to England, eventually falling out of use as applied to caucasians--such as Charles II--who are dark in hair or complexion.
As late as the 1920s David Bertram Ogilvy Freeman-Mitford (Jessica and Nancy Mitford's father) described a cousin's marriage to an Argentinian of entirely Spanish heritage with the phrase, "Robin's married a black."
From dictionary excerts of Samuel Johnson. [Blac Saxon ]1 Color of the night.2 dark3 cloudy of countenance; sullen4 Horrible;wicked ; atrocious5 Dismal; mournful6 Black and Blue color of bruise; stripe That be all;
When Charles II escaped after the Battle of Worcester, a reward of a thousand pounds was offered for his capture, and he was described as "Charles Stuart, a black man, six feet two inches in height." He was also later sometimes referred to as the Black Boy, which has apparently lived on as the name of a few pubs.
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