Map

The overlays that highlight 17th century London features are approximate and derived from:

Wikipedia

This text was copied from Wikipedia on 28 August 2015 at 3:24AM.

Cannon Street
Cannon Street (W).png
Looking west towards St. Paul's Cathedral, close to the entrance to Cannon Street station (2006)
Former name(s) Candelwrichstrete Street, Candlewick Street, Canwick Street, Cannik Street, Cannin Street
Length 0.5 mi (0.8 km)
Location London, United Kingdom
East end King William Street
West end St. Paul's Churchyard

Cannon Street is a road in the City of London, the historic nucleus of London and its modern financial centre. It runs roughly parallel with the River Thames, about 250 metres north of it, in the south of the City.

It is the site of the ancient London Stone and gave its name to Cannon Street station, a mainline railway terminus and connected London Underground station.

Etymology

The area around Cannon Street was initially the place of residence of the candle-makers. The name first appears as 'Candelwrichstrete Street' in 1190 and is therefore not related to the firearms.[1]

The name was shortened over 60 times[1] as a result of the local cockney dialect and settled on Cannon Street in the 17th century.[2]

A Cannon Street in Birmingham, according to the archives of Birmingham Central Library, is named after the London street.

Overview

In the west, Cannon Street starts at St. Paul's Churchyard outside St Paul's Cathedral; running east it meets Queen Victoria Street near Mansion House tube station, passing Cannon Street station, and finally meets King William Street and Gracechurch Street near Monument tube station.

Cannon Street pictured in 1987. View westward toward St Paul's.

In the late 19th century Cannon Street was occupied by large wholesale warehouses, especially of cotton goods and other fabrics.[3]

The London Stone, from which it has been suggested distances were measured in Roman times, was originally situated in the middle of Cannon Street. It was later set into the wall of St. Swithin's Church,[3] and now rests in a case to the side of the street.

The Roman governor's palace Praetorium may also have been located in this area, between the principal street of Roman Londinium and the River Thames. The remains of a very large high status building were found with a garden, water pools and several large halls, some of them decorated with mosaic floors. The plan of the building is only partly preserved, but was erected in the second part of the 1st century and was in use until around 300, rebuilt and renovated several times.

It is the street upon which singer Marc Almond suffered a near fatal crash in 2004 whilst riding pillion on a motorcycle.

Where Queen Street crosses Cannon Street there is a pedestrian-priority "Central Plaza" area. This was part of an award-winning public realm improvement scheme undertaken in 2006.[4]

Cannon Street formed part of the marathon course of the 2012 Olympic and Paralympic Games.[5][6]

Cannon Street has eight pubs (as of 2012) in and around the area[7] which is one of the largest concentrations in the City of London.

Transport links

Cannon Street station is served by the District and Circle lines on the London Underground and also by Southeastern mainline rail services. The street is also the location of Mansion House tube station, also on the District and Circle lines.

London Buses routes 15, 17, 521 and night route N15 serve Cannon Street.[8]

References

Further reading

Coordinates: 51°30′43″N 0°5′31″W / 51.51194°N 0.09194°W / 51.51194; -0.09194

4 Annotations

Brian G McMullen  •  Link

The Rocque map references are:

http://www.motco.com/Map/81002/SeriesSearchPlat...

with Cannon Street on the left side of this section.

And:

http://www.motco.com/Map/81002/SeriesSearchPlat...

on the lower right side of this section.

The Rocque map alphabetical reference points to different Cannon Street to the east of SP's home:

http://www.motco.com/Map/81002/SeriesSearchPlat...

in front of St.George's but I doubt this is the one SP refers to in the entry on Thursday 20 September 1660.

Nix  •  Link

From Charles Dickens, Jr.'s (did you know there was one?# Directory of London #1879) --

"Cannon Street is one of the greatest of the improvements which have been effected in modern London. It is a noble thoroughfare of great width, leading from St. Paul's- churchyard to the end of King William-street. Its construction has relieved Cheapside of the greater part of the heavy traffic. Indeed were Cannon. Street now closed, Cheapside would become impassable. Cannon-street is a street of wholesale warehouses, and a few sample goods in each window alone tell the passer-by the nature of the immense stock contained in them. Here are representatives of many of the largest foreign as well as English firms; and there are large stores of goods from Manchester, Leeds, Birmingham, Sheffield, Belfast and, indeed, from every large manufacturing town in the kingdom. In Cannon-street are the station of the South Eastern Railway, and the Mansion House Station of the Metropolitan, situated at the point where Queen Victoria-street runs diagonally across Cannon-street. In the wall of St. Swithin's Church, opposite the South- Eastern Station, will be found that curious relic of old London, called London Stone. In the Roman days distances were measured from this point. The various narrow streets running between Cannon-street and Cheapside contain many of the most important warehouses and firms of the City. The locality is specially affected by firms connected with the trades in cotton and other textile fabrics."

http://www.victorianlondon.org/dickens/dickens-...

I haven't been able to date the "improvement . . . in modern London" he is talking about -- surely later than 1667.

Michael Robinson  •  Link

"The medieval Cannon Street -- once Candlewick or Candlewright Street (i.e. candle maker) Street -- was extended west of Walbrook in 1847-54 to plans drawn up by J. B. Bunning in 1846. It superseded the ancient line of Watling Street and Budge Row as the main route E. out of St. Paul's Churchyard. The south side of the medieval part was widened too."

Simon Bradley & Nikolaus Pevsner, "London I. The City of London" (Buildings of England) London: Penguin, 1997 p. 441

Bill  •  Link

Cannon Street, Watling Street - correctly Candlewick Street, from Candlewick Ward - ran originally from Watling Street to near London Bridge, and was the earliest highway through the City. ... A scene in the second part of King Henry VI. is laid in this street.
---London, Past and Present. H.B. Wheatley, 1891.

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References

Chart showing the number of references in each month of the diary’s entries.

1660

1663

1666

  • Sep

1667

  • May

1668