Also Bishop of Salisbury, 1660-3. Died in 1675.
This text was copied from Wikipedia on 1 December 2023 at 5:10AM.
|Bishop of London|
|Church||Church of England|
|Diocese||Diocese of London|
|Term ended||1675 (death)|
|Other post(s)||Bishop of Salisbury|
Aldersgate Street, London
|Buried||All Saints Church, Fulham|
|Alma mater||Christ's College, Cambridge|
He was born in Burton Latimer (or possibly nearby Barton Seagrove), Northamptonshire, the son of Thomas Henchman, a skinner, and educated at Christ's College, Cambridge, where he achieved BA in 1613 and MA in 1616. He became a fellow of Clare College, Cambridge, in 1617.
In 1630, he married Ellen Lowe, niece of John Davenant, who was Bishop of Salisbury from 1621 to 1641; along with these connections, his wife brought considerable property from her first marriage, which meant he lived in some comfort. They had three sons and two daughters who survived to adulthood; his grandson, another Humphrey, was a prominent lawyer who defended Henry Sacheverell in 1710 and helped draft the 1713 Treaty of Utrecht.
Appointed canon of Salisbury Cathedral in 1623, his life was radically changed when the First English Civil War began in 1642 and he joined the Royalist forces. He was ejected from his position at Salisbury and his estates were confiscated. He helped the future Charles II to escape the country after the Battle of Worcester of 1651, and participated in Penruddock's Rising in 1655. On the Restoration of 1660, he was made Bishop of Salisbury – he was elected to the See on 4 October 1660, confirmed 23 October, and consecrated a bishop on 28 October – and in 1663 translated to be Bishop of London, where he saw both the Great Plague and the Great Fire.
- Lay, Paul (2020). Providence Lost: The Rise and Fall of Cromwell's Protectorate. Head of Zeus. ISBN 978-1781852569.
- Spurr, John (2004). "Henchman, Humphrey". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/12898. (Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
Humphrey Henchman, who was educated at Clare-hall in Cambridge, was, for his merit, promoted to the chantorship of Salisbury, in the reign of Charles I. He was one of those that helped to conceal Charles II. and were instrumental to his escape, after the battle of Worcester. Several of the royalists who assisted the king upon this important occasion, were rewarded by him at the Restoration, and were then among the most popular persons in the kingdom. Dr. Henchman succeeded Dr. Duppa in the see of Salisbury, and was removed to London upon the translation of Dr. Sheldon to Canterbury. He was, soon after his removal, made lord almoner. When the declaration for liberty of conscience was published, he was much alarmed, and strictly enjoined his clergy to preach against popery, though it gave great offence to the king. His example was followed by the other bishops. He was editor of the "Gentleman's Calling," supposed to be written by the author of the "Whole Duty of Man." Ob. Oct. 1675.
---A Biographical History of England. J. Granger, 1779.
HENCHMAN, HUMPHREY (1592-1675), bishop of London; M.A. Christ's College, Cambridge, 1616; D.D., 1628; fellow of Clare Hall, 1616-23; canon and precentor of Salisbury, 1623, and rector of Isle of Portland; deprived during rebellion; assisted Charles II to escape after Worcester, 1651; bishop of Salisbury, 1660-3; took influential part in Savoy conference, 1661; bishop of London, 1663-75; restored cathedral and palace at Salisbury, and contributed to rebuilding of St. Paul's, Aldersgate palace, and Clare Hall.
---Dictionary of National Biography: Index and Epitome. S. Lee, 1906.
Chart showing the number of references in each month of the diary’s entries.