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Medal, 1653, Thomas Simon V&A Museum no. 815-1904

Thomas Simon (c. 1623 – 1665), English medalist, was born, according to George Vertue, in Yorkshire about 1623.

Simon studied engraving under Nicholas Briot, and about 1635 received a post in connection with the Royal Mint. In 1645 he was appointed by the parliament joint chief engraver along with Edward Wade, and, having executed the great seal of the Commonwealth and dies for the coinage, he was promoted to be chief engraver to the Royal Mint and seals. He produced several fine portrait medals of Oliver Cromwell, one of which is copied from a miniature by Samuel Cooper.[1]

After the Restoration Simon was appointed engraver of the king's seals. On the occasion of his contest with the brothers John, Joseph and Philip Roettiers, who were employed by the mint in 1662, Simon produced his celebrated crown of Charles II, on the margin of which he engraved a petition to the king. This is usually considered his masterpiece. He is believed to have died of the plague in London in 1665.[1]

A volume of The Medals, Coins, Great Seals and other Works of Thomas Simon, engraved and described by George Vertue, was published in 1753.[1] He worked together with his brother Abraham Simon.[2]


  1. ^ a b c One or more of the preceding sentences incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainChisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Simon, Thomas". Encyclopædia Britannica. Vol. 25 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 131.
  2. ^ Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Simon, Abraham" . Encyclopædia Britannica. Vol. 25 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 124.

2 Annotations

First Reading

Wim van der Meij  •  Link

Thomas Simon was an engraver of coins and medals, and the greatest of English die-sinkers. He died 1665.

Second Reading

Bill  •  Link

SIMON, THOMAS (1623?-1665), medallist and seal engraver; joint chief graver to the royal mint, 1645; sole chief graver, 1649-60; engraved dies for Cromwell's projected coinages of 1656 and 1658, his portrait for the Dunbar medal, and the great seals of 1648,1651, and 1661; died of the plague.
---Dictionary of National Biography: Index and Epitome. S. Lee, 1906.

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