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Yelling
Holy Cross church, Yelling, Cambs.jpg
Holy Cross Church, Yelling
Yelling is located in Cambridgeshire
Yelling
Yelling
Yelling shown within Cambridgeshire
Population 300 (2011 Census)
OS grid reference TL260625
District
Shire county
Region
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town St Neots
Postcode district PE19
Police Cambridgeshire
Fire Cambridgeshire
Ambulance East of England
EU Parliament East of England
Website Welcome to Yelling Village Website

Yelling is a linear village and civil parish in the Huntingdonshire administrative district of Cambridgeshire, England. The village is about 5 miles (8 km) east of St Neots and 6 miles (10 km) south of Huntingdon.[1]

History

Yelling is in the former county of Huntingdonshire. Its toponym has had various spellings in recorded history, including Gellinge (11th century), Gylling (12th–15th century) and Illyng (16th century). The name is thought to be derived from the manorial family Gill or Gell.[2] The village was listed as Gelinge, Gellinge and Ghellinge in the Domesday Book in the Hundred of Toseland in Huntingdonshire.[3] In 1086 there were two manors at Yelling and 25 households.[4]

In 1932 the village was noted for its 17th-century houses and cottages, many of which are in the High Street.[2] Church Farmhouse is a red-brick 17th-century house with a double-pile plan.[5] The Old Forge is a 17th-century timber-framed house.[6]

Government

For Yelling the highest tier of local government is Cambridgeshire County Council.

Yelling is part of the electoral ward of Buckden, Gransden and The Offords,[7] which is represented on the county council by one councillor.[8] The second tier of local government is Huntingdonshire District Council, a non-metropolitan district of Cambridgeshire. Yelling is a part of the district ward of Gransden and The Offords, which is represented on the district council by two councillors.[7][9] As a civil parish, Yelling has a parish council.

Yelling was in the historic and administrative county of Huntingdonshire until 1965. From 1965 the village was part of the new administrative county of Huntingdon and Peterborough. Then in 1974, after the Local Government Act 1972, Yelling became a part of the county of Cambridgeshire.

Yelling is in the parliamentary constituency of Huntingdon,[7] and has been represented since 2001 in the House of Commons by Jonathan Djanogly (Conservative). For the European Parliament Yelling is part of the East of England constituency.

Demography

High Street, Yelling

Population

Fron 1801 to 1901 the population of Yelling was recorded every ten years by the UK census. In that time the population was in the range of 242 (the lowest was in 1901) and 414 (the highest was in 1861).[10]

From 1901, a census was taken every ten years with the exception of 1941 (due to the Second World War).

Parish
1911
1921
1931
1951
1961
1971
1981
1991
2001
2011
Yelling 246 225 193 220 231 249 269 259 299 300

All population census figures from report Historic Census figures Cambridgeshire to 2011 by Cambridgeshire Insight.[10]

In 2011, the parish covered an area of 1,846 acres (747 hectares)[10] and the population density of Yelling in 2011 was 104 persons per square mile (40.2 per square kilometre).

Church and chapel

Parish church

The Domesday Book of 1086 records a church in Yelling, but the oldest part of the present Church of England parish church of the Holy Cross is the north arcade, which was built around 1180–90. The south aisle includes two original 13th-century windows. The clerestory, south porch and west tower were built in the 14th century. There is a Mass dial on the southeast buttress of the south aisle.[11]

The west tower has a ring of four bells. Christopher Graye of Haddenham cast the treble and second bell in 1666. Joseph Eayre of St Neot's cast the tenor bell in 1739 and the second bell in 1770. The bells are currently unringable.[12]

Holy Cross is a Grade II* listed building.[11]

The noted evangelist Henry Venn was Vicar of Yelling from 1771 until his death in 1797. There is a plaque in his memory over the pulpit.[13]

Baptist chapel

The village has a Baptist chapel, established in 1850.[14] In 2016 there was a planning application on the notice board outside the chapel for it to be converted into a private home.

References

  1. ^ "Cambridgeshire maps". My.cambridgeshire.gov.uk. Retrieved 23 February 2013. 
  2. ^ a b Page, Proby & Ladds 1932, pp. 379–383
  3. ^ Williams & Martin 1992, p. 1430
  4. ^ Palmer, JJN. "Place – Yelling". Open Domesday. Anna Powell-Smith. Retrieved 25 February 2016. 
  5. ^ Historic England. "Church Farmhouse  (Grade II) (1211816)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 13 October 2017. 
  6. ^ Historic England. "The Old Forge  (Grade II) (1211756)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 13 October 2017. 
  7. ^ a b c "Election Maps". Ordnance Survey. Retrieved 23 February 2016. 
  8. ^ "Councillors". Cambridgeshire County Council. Retrieved 15 February 2016. 
  9. ^ "Councillors". Huntingdonshire District Council. Retrieved 23 February 2016. 
  10. ^ a b c "Historic Census figures Cambridgeshire to 2011" (xlsx – download). Cambridgeshire Insight. Retrieved 12 February 2016. 
  11. ^ a b Historic England. "Church of the Holy Cross  (Grade II*) (1211788)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 13 October 2017. 
  12. ^ Dawson, George (24 March 2008). "Yelling Holy Cross". Dove's Guide for Church Bell Ringers. Central Council for Church Bell Ringers. Retrieved 13 October 2017. 
  13. ^ "Henry Venn". Findagrave.com. Retrieved 23 February 2013. 
  14. ^ "Yelling Baptist Chapel". Retrieved 9 February 2016. 

Bibliography

External links

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References

Chart showing the number of references in each month of the diary’s entries.

1661

  • Aug