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Brian Duppa

Bishop of Winchester
A painting of the head and shoulders of a robed white man with mid-length white hair and a Van Dyck.
A contemporary portrait of Bishop Duppa
ChurchChurch of England
DioceseDiocese of Winchester
In office4 October 1660 (translation) – 1662 (death)
PredecessorVacancy (English Interregnum)
SuccessorGeorge Morley
Other post(s)Lord Almoner (7 July 1660[1]–1662) & Prelate of the Garter (1660–1662)[2]
Bishop of Salisbury (December 1641[1]–1646 & 1660)
Bishop of Chichester (13 June 1638 {confirmed}[3]–1641)
Vice-Chancellor of the University of Oxford (1632–1634)
Dean of Christ Church (1628–1638)
Personal details
Born(1589-03-10)10 March 1589
Lewisham, Kent, England[4]
Died26 March 1662(1662-03-26) (aged 73)
Richmond, Surrey, England
Buried24 April 1662, Westminster Abbey
ParentsJeffrey Duppa[1]
Spouse1. An aunt of William Salter[5]
2. Jane Killingtree, 23 November 1626 (married)[1]–?
EducationWestminster School
Alma materChrist Church, Oxford
Ordination history of
Brian Duppa
Priestly ordination
Ordained byJohn Bridges, Bishop of Oxford
Date26 May 1616
PlaceSt Peter's, Marsh Baldon
Episcopal consecration
Principal consecratorWilliam Laud, Archbishop of Canterbury
Co-consecratorsThomas Morton (Durham)
Robert Wright (Cov. & Lich.)
John Bancroft (Oxford)
Matthew Wren (Ely)
Date17 June 1638
PlaceLambeth Palace chapel
Episcopal succession
Bishops consecrated by Brian Duppa as principal consecrator
Sheldon, Henchman, Morley, Sanderson & Griffith28 October 1660

Brian Duppa (also spelled Bryan; 10 March 1589 – 26 March 1662)[1] was an English bishop, chaplain to the royal family, Royalist and adviser to Charles I of England.[9]


He was educated at Westminster School and Christ Church, Oxford, graduating BA in 1609.[10] He was a Fellow of All Souls College, Oxford in 1612.[11] According to the list of Vicars in Westham Church he was vicar at this Sussex parish from 1625 and Vice-Chancellor of the University of Oxford in 1632. He became chaplain to Edward Sackville, 4th Earl of Dorset, who as his patron helped him become Dean of Christ Church.

He was chaplain to Charles I from 1634, and tutor to his two sons.[12] He was regarded as a follower of William Laud.[13][14] He was involved in the approval by Charles I of the manuscript of Eikon Basilike, reading it to the King in Carisbrooke Castle.[15]

Duppa was made Bishop of Chichester (1638). From two years later (marking the start of the Civil War) until death he lived much more quietly at Richmond,[16] (as Bishop of Salisbury from 1641), one of the few Anglican bishops to remain alive throughout the English Interregnum to retake their Sees at the Restoration.[17] He was deprived of the See of Salisbury by Parliament on 9 October 1646, and episcopacy was abolished for the duration of the Commonwealth and the Protectorate.[18][19]

In 1660, on the return from exile of Charles II of England to restore the monarchy, Duppa was briefly restored to Salisbury, but swiftly made Bishop of Winchester and Lord Almoner. He legally took up the See of Winchester by the confirmation of his election on 4 October 1660.[20]

He died two years later.[11] His tomb monument in Westminster Abbey was created by Balthasar Burman, the son of Thomas Burman.[21]


He was editor of Jonsonus Virbius (1638), a collection of memorial verses from various authors for Ben Jonson.[22]

Eponymous places

Two places bear his name given mostly to sports fields: Bishop Duppas Park in Lower Halliford, Shepperton, Surrey[23] and seemingly Duppas Hill in Waddon, Croydon, London reflecting his influence on the ex-ecclesiastical land.

Two sets of almshouses were erected with his funds or endowed with his lands: one with original components; one with 19th-century replacement such housing:

In literature

Bishop Duppa appears in Robert Neil's historical novel "Crown and Mitre", set in 1659. In the last days of the Commonwealth the Bishop, living at a modest house in Richmond, is shown having a clandestine meeting with the emissaries of the exile King Charles II, to discuss plans for the Restoration.


  1. ^ a b c d e f "Duppa, Brian". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/8303. (Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
  2. ^ Thoyras, Rapin de & Tindal, N. The History of England, continued from the Revolution to the Accession of King George II. Vol. IV. Part II. p. 236 Accessed 14 September 2014
  3. ^ "Duppa, Brianus (at Chichester) (CCEd Appointment ID 201098)". The Clergy of the Church of England Database 1540–1835. Retrieved 14 September 2014.
  4. ^ Edward Hasted (1797). "Parishes: Lewisham". The History and Topographical Survey of the County of Kent: Volume 1. Institute of Historical Research. Retrieved 22 September 2013.
  5. ^ Bannerman, W. Bruce (ed.) Miscellanea Genealogica et Heraldica. Vol. II p. 42 Accessed 14 September 2014
  6. ^ "Duppa, Brianus (CCEd Ordination ID 56057)". The Clergy of the Church of England Database 1540–1835. Retrieved 14 September 2014.
  7. ^ "Duppa, Brianus (at Chichester) (CCEd Appointment ID 201099)". The Clergy of the Church of England Database 1540–1835. Retrieved 14 September 2014.
  8. ^
  9. ^ Charles I, by W.H. Hutton (1912) – Anglican History Society
  10. ^ Margaret Griffin, Regulating Religion and Morality in the King's Armies, 1639–1646 (2004), p. 188.
  11. ^ a b Concise Dictionary of National Biography
  12. ^ March 10 (born) and featured individual: Good Bishop Duppa Chambers Book of Days, 1869, Robert Chambers, Edinburgh and London
  13. ^ Michael C. Questier (editor), Catholicism and Community in Early Modern England: Politics, Aristocratic Patronage and Religion, c. 1550–1640 (2006), p. 494.
  14. ^ British Civil Wars Archived 19 September 2017 at the Wayback Machine Charles, Prince of Wales, (later Charles II), 1630–85
  15. ^ Jim Daems, Holly Faith, Eikon Basilike: The Portraiture of His Sacred Majesty in His Solitudes and Sufferings (2006), p. 20.
  16. ^ The Environs of London: volume 1: County of Surrey: Richmond Daniel Lysons, Institute of Historical Research, 1792. Retrieved 22 September 2013
  17. ^ Robert David Redmile, The Apostolic Succession and the Catholic Episcopate in the Christian Episcopal Church of Canada (2006), p. 183.
  18. ^ Plant, David (2002). "Episcopalians". BCW Project. Retrieved 25 April 2021.
  19. ^ King, Peter (July 1968). "The Episcopate during the Civil Wars, 1642–1649". The English Historical Review. 83 (328). Oxford University Press: 523–537. doi:10.1093/ehr/lxxxiii.cccxxviii.523. JSTOR 564164.
  20. ^ Fasti Ecclesiae Anglicanae 1541–1857, vol. 3, 1974, pp. 80–83
  21. ^ Dictionary of British Sculptors 1660-1851 by Rupert Gunnis
  22. ^ The Cambridge History of English and American Literature: An Encyclopedia in 18 Volumes. Vol. 6. "The Drama to 1642, Part Two". 1907–21 I. Ben Jonson. §5. Later years.
  23. ^ Susan Reynolds, ed. (1962). "Shepperton: The hundred of Spelthorne (continued)". A History of the County of Middlesex: Volume 3 at Shepperton. Institute of Historical Research. Retrieved 6 June 2013.
  24. ^ Duppa's Almshouses, Pembridge Historic England. "Details from listed building database (1081719)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 22 September 2013.
  25. ^ Bishop Duppa's Almshouses, Richmond Historic England. "Details from listed building database (1253024)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 22 September 2013.


  • Gyles Isham, Justinian Isham (editors), The Correspondence of Bishop Brian Duppa and Sir Justinian Isham, 1650–1660, Publications of the Northamptonshire Record Society Volume XVII

External links

1 Annotation

Second Reading

Bill  •  Link

Brian Duppa, who was successively promoted to the bishoprics of Chichester and Salisbury by Charles I. was, upon the restoration of Charles II. advanced to the see of Winchester. He had been preceptor to the latter of these princes, and was in all respects, well qualified for that important office. He was a very handsome personage, of a graceful deportment, and of an irreproachable life. He lived in retirement at Richmond during the Usurpation; and was then hospitable, generous, and charitable, to a degree beyond his fortune. He is said to have received 50,000 l. for fines, soon after his translation to Winchester. It is certain that he remitted no less than 30,000 l. to his tenants, and that he left 16,000 1. to be expended in acts of charity and munificence. He left legacies to Christ-church, and All Souls College, in Oxford; and to the several cathedrals in which he sat as bishop; and founded an alms-house at Richmond. The king asked his blessing on his knees, as he lay on his death-bed. He died March 26, 1662. He was author of sermons, and several books of Devotion. When he was bishop of Chichester, he published his "Jonsonius Verbius," which is a collection of verses in praise of Ben. Jonson and his works, by above thirty different hands.
---A Biographical History of England. J. Granger, 1779.

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Chart showing the number of references in each month of the diary’s entries.