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Johann George II
Johan Georg II Johann Fink, vor 1675.jpg
Portrait by Johann Finck, 1675.
Elector of Saxony
Reign8 October 1656 – 22 August 1680
PredecessorJohn George I
SuccessorJohn George III
Born(1613-05-31)31 May 1613
Dresden
Died22 August 1680(1680-08-22) (aged 67)
Tübingen
Burial
SpouseMagdalene Sybille of Brandenburg-Bayreuth
IssueJohn George III, Elector of Saxony
HouseHouse of Wettin
FatherJohn George I, Elector of Saxony
MotherMagdalene Sybille of Prussia
ReligionLutheran

Johann George II (31 May 1613 – 22 August 1680) was the Elector of Saxony from 1656 to 1680. He belonged to the Albertine line of the House of Wettin.

Biography

17th century Order of the Garter stall plate for John George II, Elector of Saxony. Located in St. George's Chapel, Windsor Castle, Berkshire, England

He was the third (fourth in order of birth) but eldest surviving son of the Elector Johann George I, Elector of Saxony[1] and Magdalene Sybille of Prussia, his second spouse. He succeeded his father as Elector of Saxony when John George I died on 8 October 1656.[2]

In 1657 John George made an arrangement with his three brothers with the object of preventing disputes over their separate territories, and in 1664 he entered into friendly relations with Louis XIV. He received money from the French king, but the existence of a strong anti-French party in Saxony induced him occasionally to respond to the overtures of the emperor Leopold I.[1]

John George II, picture from 1658.

The elector's primary interests were not in politics, but in music and art. He adorned Dresden, which under him became the musical centre of Germany; welcoming foreign musicians and others he gathered around him a large and splendid court, and his capital was the constant scene of musical and other festivals.[1] He commissioned the building of the first opera house, the Opernhaus am Taschenberg.

In 1658 John George was accepted into the Fruitbearing Society, through the patronage of Duke William of Saxe-Weimar.

His enormous expenditure on the arts compelled John George in 1661 to grant greater control over monetary matters to the estates, a step which laid the foundation of the later system of finance in Saxony. Also, his government was less effective in establishing absolutist rule and a standing army than were Bohemia or Prussia.[1]

John George's reign saw the slow economic reconstruction of Saxony after the Thirty Years' War. New trades and manufactures developed, such as textiles, hard coal and glass. Locally mined silver filled the Electorate's empty treasury, and the Leipzig Trade Fair and the Bohemian Exulanten of 1654 also stimulated economic activity.

John George died in Freiberg on 22 August 1680.[1]

Family

In Dresden on 13 November 1638 John George married Magdalene Sibylle of Brandenburg-Bayreuth. They had three children:

  1. Sibylle Marie (16 September 1642 – 27 February 1643)
  2. Erdmuthe Sophie (25 February 1644 – 22 June 1670), married on 29 October 1662 to Christian Ernst, Margrave of Brandenburg-Bayreuth
  3. John George III (20 June 1647 – 12 September 1691), his successor as Elector.

Ancestors

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See also

Notes

  1. ^ a b c d e Chisholm 1911, p. 459.
  2. ^ See the Encyclopædia Britannica article on John George I for his date of death—immediately before the article on John George II (Chisholm 1911, p. 459).

References

  • Mary E. Frandsen: Crossing Confessional Boundaries. The Patronage of Italian Sacred Music in 17th Century Dresden. New York: Oxford University Press, 2006. .mw-parser-output cite.citation{font-style:inherit}.mw-parser-output q{quotes:"\"""\"""'""'"}.mw-parser-output code.cs1-code{color:inherit;background:inherit;border:inherit;padding:inherit}.mw-parser-output .cs1-lock-free a{background:url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/6/65/Lock-green.svg/9px-Lock-green.svg.png")no-repeat;background-position:right .1em center}.mw-parser-output .cs1-lock-limited a,.mw-parser-output .cs1-lock-registration a{background:url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/d/d6/Lock-gray-alt-2.svg/9px-Lock-gray-alt-2.svg.png")no-repeat;background-position:right .1em center}.mw-parser-output .cs1-lock-subscription a{background:url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/a/aa/Lock-red-alt-2.svg/9px-Lock-red-alt-2.svg.png")no-repeat;background-position:right .1em center}.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration{color:#555}.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription span,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration span{border-bottom:1px dotted;cursor:help}.mw-parser-output .cs1-hidden-error{display:none;font-size:100%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-visible-error{font-size:100%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration,.mw-parser-output .cs1-format{font-size:95%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-left,.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-wl-left{padding-left:0.2em}.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-right,.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-wl-right{padding-right:0.2em}ISBN 0-19-517831-9
Attribution
John George II, Elector of Saxony
Born: 31 May 1613 Died: 22 August 1680
Preceded by
John George I
Elector of Saxony
1656–1680
Succeeded by
John George III

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References

Chart showing the number of references in each month of the diary’s entries.

1668