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Henry Pierrepont, 1st Marquess of Dorchester
Arms of Pierrepont: Argent semée of cinquefoils gules, a lion rampant sable

Henry Pierrepont, 1st Marquess of Dorchester, PC, FRS (March 1606 – 8 December 1680) was an English peer. He was the son of Robert Pierrepont, 1st Earl of Kingston-upon-Hull, and his wife Gertude Talbot, daughter of George Talbot and Elizabeth Reyner, and cousin of the Earl of Shrewsbury.

Career

Styled Viscount Newark from 1628, he was Member of Parliament for Nottingham[1] from 1628 until 1629, and was summoned to the House of Lords[2] in his father's Barony of Pierrepont in 1641. He succeeded his father as 2nd Earl of Kingston-upon-Hull in 1643.[2]

During the earlier part of the English Civil War he was at Oxford in attendance upon the King, whom he represented at the negotiations at Uxbridge. In 1645 he was made a Privy Counsellor and created Marquess of Dorchester; but in 1647 he compounded for his estates by paying a large fine to the parliamentarians.[1] Afterwards, Lord Dorchester, who was always fond of books, spent his time mainly in London engaged in the study of medicine and law, his devotion to the former science bringing upon him a certain amount of ridicule and abuse.[1] His collection of books is now part of the library of the Royal College of Physicians.

After the Restoration he was restored to the Privy Council, and was made Recorder of Nottingham and a Fellow of the Royal Society.[2]

Personality

He was notorious for his bad temper and violent outbursts. He challenged his son-in-law, the future Duke of Rutland, to a duel in 1660; Dorchester blamed Rutland for the fact that his daughter Anne's marriage was notoriously unhappy. In 1638 he had to sue for a royal pardon for an assault on one Philip Kinder committed within the precincts of Westminster Abbey, during a religious service. In 1666, on a trivial pretext, he and George Villiers, 2nd Duke of Buckingham, came to blows in the Painted Chamber at Westminster during a Parliamentary conference. They were both imprisoned in the Tower of London for violating the dignity of Parliament as a result, but they were soon released after apologising.[3]

Marriages and children

He married first Cecilia Bayning, a daughter of Paul Bayning, 1st Viscount Bayning, and his wife Anne Glemham, daughter of Sir Henry Glemham. They had four children:

He was secondly married to Lady Catherine Stanley, a daughter of James Stanley, 7th Earl of Derby and Charlotte Stanley, Countess of Derby. This marriage was childless.

Dorchester survived his sons and when he died in London on 8 December 1680 the Marquessate of Dorchester became extinct. He was succeeded as 3rd Earl of Kingston-upon-Hull by Robert (d. 1682), a son of Robert Pierrepont of Thoresby, Nottinghamshire, and as 4th Earl by Robert's brother William (d. 1690).[1]

References

  1. ^ a b c d  One or more of the preceding sentences incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainChisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Kingston-upon-Hull, Earls and Dukes of". Encyclopædia Britannica. 15 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 821..mw-parser-output cite.citation{font-style:inherit}.mw-parser-output q{quotes:"\"""\"""'""'"}.mw-parser-output code.cs1-code{color:inherit;background:inherit;border:inherit;padding:inherit}.mw-parser-output .cs1-lock-free a{background:url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/6/65/Lock-green.svg/9px-Lock-green.svg.png")no-repeat;background-position:right .1em center}.mw-parser-output .cs1-lock-limited a,.mw-parser-output .cs1-lock-registration a{background:url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/d/d6/Lock-gray-alt-2.svg/9px-Lock-gray-alt-2.svg.png")no-repeat;background-position:right .1em center}.mw-parser-output .cs1-lock-subscription a{background:url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/a/aa/Lock-red-alt-2.svg/9px-Lock-red-alt-2.svg.png")no-repeat;background-position:right .1em center}.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration{color:#555}.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription span,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration span{border-bottom:1px dotted;cursor:help}.mw-parser-output .cs1-hidden-error{display:none;font-size:100%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-visible-error{font-size:100%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration,.mw-parser-output .cs1-format{font-size:95%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-left,.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-wl-left{padding-left:0.2em}.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-right,.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-wl-right{padding-right:0.2em}
  2. ^ a b c  Firth, Charles Harding (1896). "Pierrepont, Henry". In Lee, Sidney. Dictionary of National Biography. 45. London: Smith, Elder & Co.
  3. ^ Diary of Samuel Pepys 19 December 1666
Parliament of England
Preceded by
Sir Gervase Clifton
John Byron
Member of Parliament for Nottingham
1628–1629
With: Sir Charles Cavendish
Succeeded by
Parliament suspended until 1640
Peerage of England
New creation Marquess of Dorchester
1st creation
1645–1680
Extinct
Preceded by
Robert Pierrepont
Earl of Kingston-upon-Hull
1643–1680
Succeeded by
Robert Pierrepont
Baron Pierrepont
(writ in acceleration) 
1st creation
1641–1680

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References

Chart showing the number of references in each month of the diary’s entries.

1666