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الرَّشيدُ بْن عَلِيُّ الشَّرِيفِ
Al-Rashid of Morocco
Mulay al-Rashid.jpg
Sultan of Morocco
Reign1666–1672
PredecessorAhmad el Abbas (Saadi dynasty)
SuccessorIsmail ibn Sharif
Prince of Tafilalet
Reign1664-1666
PredecessorMuhammad ibn Sharif
BornTafilalt, Morocco
Died1672
Marrakech, Morocco
HouseHouse of Alaoui
ReligionSunni Islam

Al-Rashid Ben Ali Al-Charif (Arabic: الرَّشيدُ بْن عَلِيُّ الشَّرِيفِ‎) known as Mulai Al-Rashid (also spelt Mulay, Moulay or Mawlay) (1631 – 9 April 1672) (Arabic: مولاي الرشيد‎) was Sultan of Morocco from 1666 to 1672.[1] He was the son of the founder of the Alaouite Dynasty, Moulay Ali Cherif, who took power in Tafilalt around 1630.[2] In 1635 al-Rashid's brother Ismail Ibn Sharif succeeded their still living father. After the death of their father, Mulai Mohammed brought Tafilalt, the Draa River valley and the Sahara region under Alaouite power. However, due to internal feuding war broke out between the brothers and Mohammed was killed by troops of al-Rashid in 1664.

With a small army al-Rashid ruled the east of Morocco. He was able to expand his power and seize Taza. In 1666 he marched into Fes and ended the rule of the zaouia of Dila, a Berber movement which ruled the northern part of Morocco. After subjugating the northern coastal areas of Morocco he also succeeded in capturing Marrakech in 1669. He occupied the Sus and the Little Atlas, which solidified Alaouite control over the entirety of Morocco.[3]

He died in Marrakech in 1672 after a fall from his horse, and was succeeded by his half-brother Ismail Ibn Sharif.[4]

Al-Rashid was sometimes known as "Tafiletta" by the English.[1]

See also

References

  1. ^ a b Williams, Gerhild Scholz (2014-04-10). Mediating Culture in the Seventeenth-Century German Novel: Eberhard Werner Happel, 1647-1690. University of Michigan Press. p. 162. ISBN 9780472119240..mw-parser-output cite.citation{font-style:inherit}.mw-parser-output q{quotes:"\"""\"""'""'"}.mw-parser-output code.cs1-code{color:inherit;background:inherit;border:inherit;padding:inherit}.mw-parser-output .cs1-lock-free a{background:url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/6/65/Lock-green.svg/9px-Lock-green.svg.png")no-repeat;background-position:right .1em center}.mw-parser-output .cs1-lock-limited a,.mw-parser-output .cs1-lock-registration a{background:url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/d/d6/Lock-gray-alt-2.svg/9px-Lock-gray-alt-2.svg.png")no-repeat;background-position:right .1em center}.mw-parser-output .cs1-lock-subscription a{background:url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/a/aa/Lock-red-alt-2.svg/9px-Lock-red-alt-2.svg.png")no-repeat;background-position:right .1em center}.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration{color:#555}.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription span,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration span{border-bottom:1px dotted;cursor:help}.mw-parser-output .cs1-hidden-error{display:none;font-size:100%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-visible-error{font-size:100%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration,.mw-parser-output .cs1-format{font-size:95%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-left,.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-wl-left{padding-left:0.2em}.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-right,.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-wl-right{padding-right:0.2em}
  2. ^ Messier, Ronald A.; Miller, James A. (2015-06-15). The Last Civilized Place: Sijilmasa and Its Saharan Destiny. University of Texas Press. p. 151. ISBN 9780292766655.
  3. ^ Messier, Ronald A.; Miller, James A. (2015-06-15). The Last Civilized Place: Sijilmasa and Its Saharan Destiny. University of Texas Press. p. 153. ISBN 9780292766655.
  4. ^ Lemon, Mark; Mayhew, Henry; Taylor, Tom; Brooks, Shirley; Burnand, Sir Francis Cowley; Seaman, Sir Owen (1951). Punch. Punch Publications Limited. p. 689.
Preceded by
Ahmad el Abbas
Sultan of Morocco
1666–1672
Succeeded by
Ismail

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References

Chart showing the number of references in each month of the diary’s entries.

1666