Edward Montagu, 1st Baron Montagu of Boughton (aka Sir Knight Edward Montague of Boughton Castle) (1563 – 15 June 1644) was an English politician.
Montagu was the son of Sir Edward Montagu and his wife Elizabeth Harrington, daughter of James Harington of Exton, Rutland. He matriculated from Christ Church, Oxford in about 1574 and graduated BA on 14 March 1579. He was a student of the Middle Temple in 1580. In 1601 he was elected Member of Parliament for Brackley. He was created Knight of the Bath by James I at his coronation on 25 July 1603.
In 1604 Montagu was elected MP for Northamptonshire. On 9 February 1605, with other gentlemen of Northamptonshire, he presented a petition to the king in favour of those ministers in the county who refused subscription. The petitioners were warned that their combination "in a cause against which the king had shewed his mislike … was little less than treason." Montagu was for the time deprived of his lieutenancy and justiceship of the peace in the county. He was one of the key founders of what is known today as Guy Fawkes Night through his sponsorship, in Parliament, of the Observance of 5th November Act 1605. He was re-elected MP for Northamptonshire in 1614 for the Addled Parliament and in 1621. He was created Baron Montagu of Boughton on 29 June 1621
Montagu supported King Charles I in the Civil War which led to his arrest in August 1642. He was imprisoned for a time in the Tower of London but was moved to the Savoy Hospital due to ill health and died a prisoner in 1644. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Edward_Montagu,_1s...