The overlays that highlight 17th century London features are approximate and derived from Wenceslaus Hollar’s maps:

Open location in Google Maps: 51.510725, -0.085486


This text was copied from Wikipedia on 26 November 2022 at 6:01AM.

Eastcheap, London - September 2007.jpg
Eastcheap in 2007, looking west towards Monument. The building with the two gables on the right is the Victorian Gothic 33-35 Eastcheap.
Length0.2 mi (0.32 km)
LocationLondon, United Kingdom
Postal codeEC3
Nearest Tube stationLondon Underground Monument
East endGreat Tower Street
West endKing William Street

Eastcheap is a street in central London that is a western continuation of Great Tower Street towards Monument junction. Its name derives from cheap, the Old English word for market, with the prefix 'East' distinguishing it from Westcheap, another former market street that today is called Cheapside.

In medieval times, Eastcheap was the main meat market in the City of London, with butchers' stalls lining both sides of the street. It is also notable as the former location of Falstaff's Boar's Head Inn, featured in William Shakespeare's Henry IV, Part 1 and Henry IV, Part 2.


Anglo-Saxon penny minted by Eadwold in "Estcep"

The history of Eastcheap dates back to Anglo-Saxon times. The name is first attested on an Anglo-Saxon penny of King Harold I (reigned 1035–1040) that was minted in London by the moneyer Eadwold between 1035 and 1037. The mint signature on the coin reads "EADǷOLD ONESTCEPLV" which is interpreted as "Eadwold on Estcep Lu[ndene]", meaning "Eadwold, on East Cheap, London". It is believed that this is the earliest known instance of a street-name on Anglo-Saxon coinage.[1]

At its western end, the modern Eastcheap begins at Monument junction where Gracechurch Street, Cannon Street, and King William Street converge by Monument tube station. It continues eastward into Great Tower Street. It lies within the City ward of Bridge.

A police box on Eastcheap, 1981
A 1720 map showing Little Eastcheap, today known simply as Eastcheap, distinguished from Great Eastcheap to the west of Gracechurch Street

The street formerly extended further to the west, where it was called Great Eastcheap, but this section was eliminated when King William Street was built to provide new access to London Bridge in the early 19th century. Falstaff's famed tavern, which stood on the Great Eastcheap section of the road, was demolished at this time. The old eastern portion and what is today's Eastcheap, was known as Little Eastcheap.

The erased western portion of Eastcheap is recalled in the name of the church of St. Clement Eastcheap, which, despite its name, is to the north of King William Street and to the west of present-day Eastcheap.

Eastcheap formed part of the marathon course of the 2012 Olympic and Paralympic Games. The women's Olympic marathon took place on 5 August and the men's on 12 August. The Paralympic marathons were held on 9 September.[2][3]

Notable structures

On Eastcheap's north side is St. Margaret Pattens' church at the corner with Rood Lane. All Hallows-by-the-Tower is visible looking east down Eastcheap and Great Tower Street. On the south side, in the side-road Lovat Lane, is St. Mary-at-Hill. Also on the south side is Botolph Lane, where a Christopher Wren church, St. George, Botolph Lane, stood until it was demolished in 1904. West of Botolph Lane is Pudding Lane, where the Great Fire of London was started.

At 16 Eastcheap is the Monument branch of Citibank; this was the site of St. Andrew Hubbard church, where the economist Thomas Mun was baptised, but the structure was later destroyed by the Great Fire. It was replaced by the King's Weigh House where foreign merchants were required to weigh their goods, although the law was not strictly enforced. In 1695 it became a chapel for dissenters. In 1834 they moved to larger premises in Fish Street Hill, at the western end of Eastcheap, now occupied by an exit of the modern Monument tube station. In 1891, Alfred Waterhouse built another Weigh House church, on Duke Street. The building was deemed so magnificent that nearby Robert Street was renamed Weighhouse Street in its honour. During excavation of the site the foundations had stones that had the character of Roman workmanship, and Samian pottery was discovered.

On the Philpot Lane side of 23 Eastcheap is one of London's smallest statues, of two mice eating or fighting over a piece of cheese. The statue's exact origin is unclear but it is thought to date from 1862 and was possibly made for the spice merchants Hunt and Crombie by John Young & Son.[4] Another theory surrounding its existence is that it commemorates an incident where an argument broke out between two construction workers when one accused the other of eating some of his lunch, and during the ensuing altercation one of the men fell from the building to his death. It was later found that mice were the culprits responsible for the missing food.[5]

The building at 33-35 Eastcheap is a notable example of Victorian Gothic architecture.


  1. ^ Ambrose, Richard; Naismith, Rory (26 September 2019). "A London Street-name on a late Anglo-Saxon Penny" (PDF). British Numismatic Society.
  2. ^ "London 2012 marathon men - Olympic Athletics". 3 June 2017. Archived from the original on 30 April 2013. Retrieved 12 April 2018.
  3. ^ "London 2012 marathon women - Olympic Athletics". 3 June 2017. Archived from the original on 2 May 2013. Retrieved 12 April 2018.
  4. ^ "Philpot Lane Mice - No Longer The Smallest?". Retrieved 10 October 2013.
  5. ^ "Secret City". Archived from the original on 22 September 2013. Retrieved 10 October 2013.
  • Smith, A. (1970) Dictionary of City of London Street Names. David and Charles: Newton Abbot.

External links

Coordinates: 51°30′39″N 0°5′10″W / 51.51083°N 0.08611°W / 51.51083; -0.08611

2 Annotations

Terry F  •  Link

Eastcheap on the is Little Eastcheap in London à la Roque, the eastward extension of Great Eastcheap, near the SW corner of this segment of the 1746 map, the parts of Eastcheap meeting at the intersection of Fish Street (come up from the Thames) and its northward extension Grace Church Street.…

in Aqua Scripto  •  Link

'The butchers of Eastcheap have their scalding houses for hogs there[Pudding Lane that be], and their puddings[intestines]with other filth of beasts are voided down that way to their dung boats in the Thames "
Thanks to a great read of Elizabet's London by Liza Picard. [and Stow for letting us know]
Little Eastcheap ends up in Tower street.
Great Eastcheap across Fishstree/Grace church runs into Cannon

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Chart showing the number of references in each month of the diary’s entries.