A house then owned by William Craven. It no longer exists. The map shows the location of the village of the same name.
The overlays that highlight 17th century London features are approximate and derived from Wenceslaus Hollar’s maps:
Open location in Google Maps: 51.385826, -1.406719
This text was copied from Wikipedia on 1 December 2023 at 4:10AM.
|Village and civil parish|
St Mary's Church
|Population||275 (2011 census)|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
Hamstead Marshall (also spelt Hampstead Marshall)[a] is a village and civil parish in the English county of Berkshire. The village is located within the North Wessex Downs. The population of this civil parish at the 2011 census was 275.
Location and amenities
In the west of the unitary authority area of West Berkshire, south-west of Newbury, on the Berkshire-Hampshire border, the parish covers 7.78 km2 (3 sq mi), having lost territory in a boundary change of 1991. The village contains scattered settlements such as Ash Tree Corner, Chapel Corner, Holtwood and Irish Hill. There is a 12th-century church (St Mary's), canine rescue kennels, the White Hart Inn, Hamstead Marshall's pub for several centuries. There is a village hall, until 1933 it was the primary school, in which community events are held regularly, and it is also used for private bookings. The former Organic Research Centre at Elm Farm closed in 2019 and its land and buildings sold off.
Hamstead Marshall has three sites of medieval motte-and-bailey castles, all on private land, with one a possible site of Newbury Castle. All are registered historic monuments. William Marshall, who became Earl of Pembroke, was a loyal knight to four kings: Henry II, Richard I, King John, and Henry III and this is when the Marshall suffix was added to the village. The manor house continued to be owned and used by kings and queens throughout the centuries, until it was sold in 1613.
The village was, from 1620 until the 1980s, the seat of the Earls of Craven. William Craven built a mansion there, originally intended as a residence for Charles I's sister, Elizabeth of Bohemia, although she died before construction began. It burnt down in 1718. The Cravens later expanded a hunting lodge to live in instead, and this still stands, privately occupied, in the centre of Hamstead Park. Until the mid-twentieth century the Craven family owned most of the village, but successive sales by the estate put almost all the houses into private ownership by 1980, most of them now owner-occupied. About 17 houses are owned by the Sovereign Housing Association.
The village landscape comprises farmland, woodland and parkland. No A or B roads traverse this but Hamstead Marshall has bus services. The River Kennet and the Kennet and Avon Canal pass through the northern edge of the village, and the River Enborne marks the southern boundary. About half the property pre-dates 1900, and 32 buildings or structures such as walls are listed buildings. The village has four areas designated sites of Special Scientific Interest (SSSI), these are Hamstead Marshall Pit, Irish Hill Copse, Redhill Wood and the River Kennet.
|Output area||Homes owned outright||Owned with a loan||Socially rented||Privately rented||Other||km2 roads||km2 water||km2 domestic gardens||Usual residents||km2|
- The spelling of the village's name that is used on road signs and that is accepted by most of the village's organisations is Hamstead Marshall; an alternative, Hampstead Marshall, was preferred from time to time, but is not used by the local authority today, although it is the official name of the civil parish.
- "The civil parish comprises 1,900 acres/769 hectares" (PDF). Retrieved 5 March 2017.
- "Civil Parish population 2011". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 30 November 2016.
- "Heritage Gateway - Results".
- Historic England. "Church of St. Mary (1117223)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 19 July 2020.
- "HAMSTEAD HORNET Issue 72" (PDF). Retrieved 5 March 2017.
- "Key Statistics: Dwellings; Quick Statistics: Population Density; Physical Environment: Land Use Survey 2005". Archived from the original on 11 February 2003. Retrieved 7 December 2014.
After the Restoration Sir William Craven, 1st Earl of Craven, decided to build a suitable home for Charles I's sister, Elizabeth of Bohemia, the Winter Queen,
He found that Sir Balthazar Gerbier was advertise himself as an architect by publishing some essays on architecture: A brief Discourse concerning the Three Chief Principals of Magnificent Building (1662) and Counsel and Advise to all Builders (1663). According to William Sanderson, Sir Balthazar Gerbier ‘had little of Art or merit’ (Graphice, 1658, 15), and Samuel Pepys said one of his books was ‘not worth a turd’ (Pepys, Diary, 28 May 1663).
But Craven hired Gerbier anyways ... he had done some large projects before the Civil Wars for George Villiers, 1st Duke of Buckingham, and he had traveled abroad extensively, so he knew what was involved.
Gerbier died at Hampstead Marshall either in 1663 (according to a petition to Charles II from his daughters who asked for £4,000 in unpaid salary) or in 1667 (according to Gerbier's monument in the local church). He was also buried there. The earlier date limits the work he could have achieved at the house and implies a more substantial role for Winde. For instance, Gerbier died before the piano nobile had been started.
Hampstead Marshall was completed by Captain William Winde.
Balthazar Gerbier's main achievement was the creation of the picture gallery at York House, and it is this aspect of his career which has received most architectural attention.
Chart showing the number of references in each month of the diary’s entries.