Annotations and comments

Bill has posted 2,770 annotations/comments since 9 March 2013.

16 Feb 2017, 2:57 p.m. - Bill

TORY, a Word first used by the Protestants in Ireland to signify those Irish common Robbers and Murderers who stood outlawed for Robbery and Murder; now a Nick name to such as call themselves High Church men, or to the Partisans of the Chevalier de St George. ---An Universal Etymological English Dictionary. N. Bailey, 1724 There is discussion of the word "tory" in the annotations of 25 Nov 1661 http://www.pepysdiary.com/diary/1661/11/25/

14 Feb 2017, 2:11 p.m. - Bill

From our encyclopedia: Hooke's 'Micrographia: or, Some physiological descriptions of minute bodies made by magnifying glasses' http://www.pepysdiary.com/encyclopedia/8180/

11 Feb 2017, 3:10 p.m. - Bill

"my wife and I hand to fist to a very fine pig" To drink hand to fist. Boire á tire-larigot. [To drink as much as one wants] ---The Royal Dictionary Abridged, French to English. A. Boyer, 1755

9 Feb 2017, 3:29 p.m. - Bill

A travesty indeed. Compare: I sing of warfare and a man at war. From the sea-coast of Troy in early days He came to Italy by destiny, To our Lavinian western shore, A fugitive, this captain, buffeted Cruelly on land as on the sea Robert Fitzgerald, 1983 I sing of arms and the man, he who, exiled by fate, first came from the coast of Troy to Italy, and to Lavinian shores – hurled about endlessly by land and sea A.S. Kline, 2002 I sing the man (read it who list, A Trojan true as ever pist,) Who from Troy-town, by Wind and Weather To Italy (and God knows whither) Was packt, and wrackt, and lost, and tost, And bounc'd from Pillar unto Post Charles Cotton, 1664

8 Feb 2017, 6:47 p.m. - Bill

"I found he would have played the Jacke with me" To play the Jack with one. To attempt to domineer over one, I suppose, is here the intended sense. ---English Proverbs and Proverbial Phrases Collected from the Most Authentic Sources. J. Russell Smith, 1869.

8 Feb 2017, 3:17 p.m. - Bill

Far be it from me to pontificate on the English civil wars or evaluate sources or historians. But I did find this on http://www.olivercromwell.net/english-civil-war-casualties.html "10% - the drop in the birth rate in the 1650s compared to the 1630s."

8 Feb 2017, 2:46 a.m. - Bill

Sasha: "what would have been the main factors in the English decline between 1650 and 1700?" A very cursory google search gives quite large casualty estimates for the English Civil Wars. One site suggested 12% of the population! Surely this was a factor.

6 Feb 2017, 9:56 p.m. - Bill

For Sasha cumgranosalis: British Isles: England in 1600 had 4.2 million; by 1650, 5.5 million. As of 1700, it was down to 5.2 million (the really big growth didn't start until after 1750). Scotland, 1 million in 1600, 1 million in 1650, 1.2 million in 1700. Ireland, 1 million in 1600, 1.5 million in 1650, 2 million in 1700. http://1632.org/1632tech/faqs/eur_pop.html In the mid-1670s, when the [Old Bailey] Proceedings began to be published, the population of the capital was approximately 500,000. Fourteen years later, Gregory King, Britain’s first great demographer, estimated it at 527,000. This was a period of low overall population growth, even stagnation in England and was characterised by a very late age at marriage, low illegitimacy rates, and relatively low levels of birth within marriage. https://www.oldbaileyonline.org/static/Population-history-of-london.jsp#a1674-1715

6 Feb 2017, 1:50 p.m. - Bill

“a brave morning” BRAVE, Courageous, Gallant, Excellent, Skilful. ---An universal etymological English dictionary. N. Bailey, 1724.

29 Jan 2017, 3:23 p.m. - Bill

“it was only to discourse with her about finding a place for her brother” PLACE, Space or Room, in which a Person or Thing is; also Office or Employment. ---An universal etymological English dictionary. N. Bailey, 1724.

28 Jan 2017, 2:26 p.m. - Bill

You're not doing too badly yourself, Terry. The blog post is from 2010 so YouTube has caught up. This video recites "My Mind to Me a Kingdom is" without Byrd's music. These are "Calvinist precepts" that we should all adopt but few of us do. Certainly not Pepys, I think. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=maVVCU2aNK4 And here is the poem with Byrd's Music. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4_6cFoh_nJo And Byrd's music without the poem. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2jewZwmd3mY And, last but not least, Emma Kirby's version starts off this long video. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=WF-j17hIp94

27 Jan 2017, 6:08 p.m. - Bill

"Wim van der Meij, you got first to Dyer's ballad." Actually, it was earlier: The piece of poetry beginning— "My mind to me a kingdom is, Such perfect joy therein I find"— was set to music by the celebrated W. Byrd, in 1558, in a book called Psalms, Sonnets, and Songs of Sadnesse and Pietie. On the authority of an old MS. in the Bodleian Library, it has been attributed to Sir Edward Dyer. ---Diary and correspondence of Samuel Pepys, the diary deciphered by J. Smith. 1854.

27 Jan 2017, 5:58 p.m. - Bill

“Thence walked through the ducking-pond fields; but they are so altered since my father used to carry us to Islington” In Ben Jonson's "Every Man in his Humour," there is an allusion to the "Citizens that come a-ducking to Islington Ponds." The piece of ground, long since built upon, in the Back Road, was called "Ducking-pond Field," from the pool in which the unfortunate ducks were hunted by dogs, to amuse the Cockneys, who went to Islington to breathe fresh air and drink cream. The King's Head tavern stood opposite the church. Islington was classic ground to Pepys, as he speaks of the house in which he had been nursed at Kingsland. ---Diary and correspondence of Samuel Pepys, the diary deciphered by J. Smith. 1854.

23 Jan 2017, 3:14 a.m. - Bill

"Anyone got any idea of what Cumgranosalis was talking about?" You're joking, right?

22 Jan 2017, 8:44 p.m. - Bill

Mary (St.) Axe, a street and parish in Lime Street Ward, united to the parish church, St . Andrew's Undershaft, about the year 1565. The street runs from Leadenhall Street to Houndsditch. The south end is chiefly let out in offices; towards Houndsditch it is chiefly inhabited by Jews. The church at the corner is St. Andrew's Undershaft. In St. Marie Street had ye of old time a parish church of St. Marie the Virgin, St. Ursula and the eleven thousand Virgins, which church was commonly called St. Marie at the Axe, of the sign of an Axe, over against the east end thereof, or St. Mary Pellipar, of a plot of ground lying on the north side thereof, pertaining to the Skinners, in London. This parish, about the year 1565, was united to the parish church of St. Andrew Undershaft, and so was St. Mary at the Axe, suppressed and letten out to be a warehouse for a merchant.—Stow, p. 61. Stow is not quite correct in this. The church derived its particular designation of St. Mary Axe from a holy relic it possessed: "an axe, oon of the iij that the xjmj Virgyns were be hedyd wt.” Stow has also omitted to mention that this church, Santa Maria de Hacqs, was given in 1562 to the Spanish Protestant refugees for divine service. Jews from St. Mary Axe, for jobs so wary, That for old clothes they'd even axe St. Mary. Rejected Addresses (Imitation of Crabbe). ---London, Past and Present. H.B. Wheatley, 1891.

22 Jan 2017, 8:31 p.m. - Bill

Leadenhall Street runs from Cornhill to Aldgate. About 1582 a mathematical lecture was founded to be read in the Staples Chapel in Leadenhall Street . The scheme, which received the approval of the Privy Council, had for its object the instruction of the citizens in military matters. It was transferred in 1588 from Leadenhall Street "to the house of Mr. Thomas Smith in Grass [Gracechurch] Street." The house of Sir Thomas Allen, Lord Mayor in the critical year 1660, was in this street. Here Monk dined with him on the day on which he finally broke with the Parliament. Gibbon's great-grandfather Matthew, as the historian relates, "did not aspire above the station of a linen-draper in Leadenhall Street;" and his grandmother was the "daughter of Richard Acton, goldsmith in Leadenhall Street." ---London, Past and Present. H.B. Wheatley, 1891.

22 Jan 2017, 8:20 p.m. - Bill

GOODSONN, WILLIAM (fl.1634-1662), vice-admiral; captain of the Entrance in the fight off Portland, 25 Jan. 1853; rear-admiral of the blue in the battles of June and July 1653; vice-admiral under Penn, 1654, with him at attempt on Hispaniola, and capture of Jamaica, 1655; took part in siege of Dunkirk, 1658. ---Dictionary of National Biography: Index and Epitome. S. Lee, 1906.

20 Jan 2017, 3:48 p.m. - Bill

Extensive information on the trial and confession of James Turner can be found in the following publication starting in col. 565. The Speech and Deportment (by the gibbet) starts in col. 619. A Complete Collection of State Trials and Proceedings for High Treason and Other Crimes and Misdemeanors from the Earliest Period to the Year 1783, with Notes and Other Illustrations, Volume 6. 1816. Google Books. https://books.google.com/books?id=fBL3WGHW4QwC "And thereupon [Turner] giving the sign, the executioner turned him off."

20 Jan 2017, 3:23 p.m. - Bill

TURNER, JAMES (d. 1664), parliamentary colonel; executed for burglary. ---Dictionary of National Biography: Index and Epitome. S. Lee, 1906.

20 Jan 2017, 3:03 p.m. - Bill

Mr. Julian Marshall, in his Annals of Tennis (1878), gives a curious list of fourteen Tennis Courts in London in 1615 from a MS. of Lord Leconfield's at Petworth. They are as follows: Whitehall (two, covered and uncovered), Somerset House, Essex House, Fetter Lane, Fleet Street, Blackfriars, Southampton, Charterhouse, Powles Chaine, Abchurch Lane, Lawrence Pountney, Fenchurch Street and Crutched Friars. ---London, Past and Present. H.B. Wheatley, 1891.