Annotations and comments

Mary K has posted 1,141 annotations/comments since 9 March 2007.

5 Oct 2007, 6:47 a.m. - Mary K

"The Generall" vs. "The Parson's Dream." Now, could Sam possibly be calculating that today's play was so very, very bad that it scarcely counts as part of his self-imposed theatre ration, and that therefore he might be allowed to go and see the new play without breaking the rules? He has jumped through more complicated moral hoops in the past.

1 Oct 2007, 6:45 a.m. - Mary K

dry money. Hard cash. No promissory notes in this case, then.

28 Sep 2007, 6:42 a.m. - Mary K

No banks. One practical solution to Sam's dilemma would be to lodge his money, or some part of it, with a reputable goldsmith. Nowhere will he find absolute security for his gold and there would still remain the problem of fetching and carrying it to and from such premises. However, the goldsmiths tended to have safer storage than other places and were accustomed to provide this service.

24 Sep 2007, 12:19 p.m. - Mary K

£1000 fine and £70 per annum "fine' in this case is a legal term. It is a sum of money paid by a tenant at the beginning of his tenancy in order that his rent may be small or minimal. Carteret has been voted a housing allowance of £1000 down and rent of £70 p.a. Not bad.

24 Sep 2007, 6:44 a.m. - Mary K

Pepys' palate. I know just what he means: that very uncomfortable symptom of the early stages of a cold where the soft palate and the area behind it becomes very sore and swollen. The act of swallowing both solids and liquids is painful as the back of the tongue rises against the soft palate.

20 Sep 2007, 6:51 a.m. - Mary K

The mention of Brahmins calls to mind the 'Heaven Born' of the pre-independence Indian Civil Service, but that was abbreviated to ICS.

20 Sep 2007, 6:47 a.m. - Mary K

Jane Welsh. There's yet another possibility. Jarvis has learned, either by direct observation or by report from neighbours, that Mr. Pepys is visiting the area rather more often than business concerns warrant and has warned his young employee that the boss will be keeping an eye on her. If Jane loses her job, she'll probably lose her lodging as well and that would be a serious consideration.

17 Sep 2007, 6:56 a.m. - Mary K

horseradish ale. Horseradish ale was made with a mixture of horseradish, wormwood and tansy; sounds sufficiently unpalatable to be esteemed as a useful nostrum. Horseradish was also regarded as a cough expectorant and a treatment for scurvy, food poisoning, tuberculosis and colic. This last may have prompted Pargiter to recommend the 'ale' to Pepys. Its culinary use as a relish to accompany roast meats, especially beef, had also gained popularity by this date.

7 Sep 2007, 5:20 p.m. - Mary K

"deadly" This sounds to me very much like the colloquial ModE "dead" when used as an intensifier: dead pretty, dead clever, dead stupid, dead useless etc.

6 Sep 2007, 9:10 p.m. - Mary K

"down to Woolwich with a galley" is the logical L&M reading. i.e. by boat.

5 Sep 2007, 1:44 p.m. - Mary K

The boy. We have established that he was about 19 years old at this time, so his voice should have settled by now, even allowing for puberty to have arrived slightly later in the 17th century than it does in the developed world nowadays.

5 Sep 2007, 6:12 a.m. - Mary K

Mrs. Ferrabosco. Ferrabosco was a name well known in English musical circles in the 17th Century. The family came originally from Bologna. About half a dozen Ferraboscos established reputations for themselves in England, but the identity of this particular lady is uncertain. L&M Companion speculates that she may have been Elizabeth Ferrabosco, a niece of Alfonso Ferrabsoco III, whose brother Henry had been a Court musician and Royalist soldier.

3 Sep 2007, 8:37 a.m. - Mary K

"Keep it in the family" may sometimes be useful advice, but it can also lead to some horrible tangles especially (as in the Pepys' case) financial ones and, especially again, when one of he parties involved has the misfortune to die.

28 Aug 2007, 4:38 p.m. - Mary K

Young Tom Edwards. The tone of the entry inclines one to the opinion that Tom is scarcely out of childhood and the reference to an habitual eight o'clock bedtime reinforces this view. But L&M assures us ( and why should we not believe it?) that Tom was born in 1645. Thus he is already 19 years old at this date; not exactly a child, though as yet untutored in the ways of the world. Certainly not an infant ripped untimely from his mother's bosom.

28 Aug 2007, 4:32 p.m. - Mary K

Young Tom Edwards, The tone of these entries inclines one to assume that Tom was scarcely out of childhood at this point and the eight o'clock habitual bedtime reinforces this view. If L&M are to be believed (and why not?) he was born in 1645 and so is 19 years old at the start of his employ with Samuel. Not such a very little boy, then; just untutored in the ways of the world.

20 Aug 2007, 5:58 a.m. - Mary K

Lady Pen. This is the former Margriet Jaspers, who was about 41 or 42 at this date. Old indeed!

19 Aug 2007, 2:26 p.m. - Mary K

"present occasion for 6l." Martha's reading is the right one. Reeve not only needs the money, his need is present, i.e. urgent and immediate. Sam's wit would seem to lie in his being able to think up an entirely plausible and reasonable excuse on the spur of the moment for not advancing this sum.

14 Aug 2007, 3:15 p.m. - Mary K

".... to come no lower than my knees." If Sam has got used to wearing a long house-gown when at home, then his lower legs will indeed feel chilly when he ventures out of doors - and we all know how wary he has become of getting chilled; that way lies the route to his 'old pain.' A knee-length jacket of some sort will, he hopes, render his lower extremities less sensitive and liable to chilling. At least, that's how I read it.

11 Aug 2007, 6:09 a.m. - Mary K

candle set to advantage. Indeed, it could have been a shoe-maker's window. On the other hand, if such were the case I should have expected Sam to comment on the use of such a handy device. Maybe the candle was a short-ish object simply set to one side of the work so that the surface was illuminated obliquely. Illumination of this sort can be a help with very fine, monochrome needlework, so perhaps also with engraving.

6 Aug 2007, 6:41 a.m. - Mary K

the very pretty horse. No doubt the hired animals that Sam normally has to use on the infrequent occasions when he makes this sort of journey are pretty humdrum beasts, more notable for stolidity than his present mount. Having been ridden by horsemen good, bad and indifferent they are likely to have hard mouths and, whilst presumably durable, yet less than willing rides. Hard work for the rider.