1893 text

An angelique is described as a species of guitar in Murray’s “New English Dictionary,” and this passage from the Diary is given as a quotation. The word appears as angelot in Phillips’s “English Dictionary” (1678), and is used in Browning’s “Sordello,” as a “plaything of page or girl.”

3 Annotations

language hat   Link to this

From the Companion glossary:
"type of archlute having 16 or 17 strings, in single courses, tuned diatonically throughout: a simplified instrument designed for ease of playing"
(a much better definition than the OED's "species of guitar"!)

chip   Link to this

According to the Harvard Dictionary of Music, the angelica was a variety of mandolin with 17 different strings for the tones of the diatonic scale, so that stopping was largely avoided.

vincent   Link to this

A. MUSICA ANGELICA in Concert Throughout the Summer

http://www.musicaangelica.org/Musica Angelica launches its first orchestral season on November 9 & 10 with conductor Giovanni Antonini
An Italian book by A. Sgargi (1747)50 describes an amateur's shoulder viol (viola da spalla) called viol d'amour or viola angelica with six or seven bowed strings of gut (with the basses copper-wound) and brass sympathetic strings tuned chromatically.
http://www.nrinstruments.demon.co.uk/Bowed2.htmlIn 1679, John Evelyn recorded hearing a German playing a viol a'amore, which was an ordinary violin but with 5 wire strings played Lyra way (i.e. with chords and a special tuning

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References

  • 1660