The overlays that highlight 17th century London features are approximate and derived from:


The map location is approximate; L&M describe it as being both on Cornhill and just north of the present day Mansion House.

A later footnote (vol. IX, p.307) describes the location as “at the junction of Cornhill, Threadneedle St and the Poultry; once the site of the city stocks”. The building was pulled down in 1667 and rebuilt further back from the crossroads.

1 Annotation

Bill  •  Link

Stocks Market. A market for fish and flesh in Walbrook Ward, on the site of the present Mansion House. It was established in 1282 by Henry Walis, Lord Mayor, "where some time had stood (the way being very large and broad) a pair of stocks for punishment of offenders; this building took name of these stocks."

The Stocks Market remained a market for the sale of meat and fish until destroyed in the Great Fire of r666. When rebuilt it was converted into a market for fruit and vegetables.

In the market stood a statue of Charles I. and one intended to be taken for Charles II., of which latter, however, Pennant gives the following account:—

In it stood the famous equestrian statue, erected in honour of Charles II. by his most loyal subject Sir Robert Viner, lord mayor. Fortunately his lordship discovered one (made at Leghorn) of John Sobieski trampling on a Turk. The good knight caused some alterations to be made, and christened the Polish monarch by the name of Charles, and bestowed on the turbaned Turk that of Oliver Cromwell.
---London, Past and Present. H.B. Wheatley, 1891.

And so, of course, Andrew Marvell had a little fun:

But now it appears, from the first to the last.
To be all a revenge, and a malice forecast;
Upon the King’s birth-day to set up a thing.
That shows him a monkey more like than a King.

When each one that passes finds fault with the horse,
Yet all do affirme that the King is much worse;
And some by the likeness Sir Robert suspect.
That he did for the King his own statue erect.
But Sir Robert, to take all the scandal away.
Does the errour upon the artificer lay;
And alledges the workmanship was not his own,
For he counterfeits only in gold — not in stone.
---A Poem on The Statue at Stocks–Market

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Chart showing the number of references in each month of the diary’s entries.