7 Annotations

Sjoerd Spoelstra   Link to this

The kings' mistress Barbara Villiers/Palmer/Lady Castlemaine was a cousin of the first Duke.

See http://www.stirnet.com/HTML/genie/british/uv/vi...

and

http://www.pepysdiary.com/encyclopedia/1062/

vincent   Link to this

The Bio of G villiers
"...In 1627 Villiers then led another failure to try and aid the Huguenots besieged at La Rochelle, losing over 4000 men out of a force of 7000. While organising a second attempt he was killed at Portsmouth by John Felton, a naval officer who held a personal grudge against him. Felton was hanged in November..."
http://en2.wikipedia.org/wiki/George_Villiers,_...
george 2: the one in the diary
http://www.abcgallery.com/V/vandyck/vandyck31.html
* You may be surprised to learn that Buckingham Palace was not built for the British monarchy at all. It was built for John, the first duke of Buckingham in 1703. He was married to the illegitimate daughter of King James II. She was nicknamed Princess Buckingham, because of her delusions of grandeur.
Lord Buckingham's illegitimate son, Sir Charles Sheffield, sold the house to the crown for

dirk   Link to this

Buckingham's murder

Annotation 2 May 1661:
http://www.pepysdiary.com/diary/1661/05/02/#c14040

JonTom Kittredge   Link to this

"Buckingham Palace was ... built for John, the first duke of Buckingham in 1703."
This is a different Buckingham -- different family and different creation of the title. The quotation refers to John Sheffield, created 1st Duke of Buckingham in 1703 : http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_Sheffield%2C_...

Bill   Link to this

VILLIERS, GEORGE, first Duke of Buckingham (1592-1628), court favourite; a younger son, by his second marriage, of Sir George Villiers; trained for a page's place; visited France, 1610-13; introduced to James I, 1614; appointed cupbearer, 1614; gentleman of the bedchamber, 1615: knighted and pensioned; master of the horse, 1616; K.G., 1616; created Viscount Villiers, 1616, and given an estate; created Earl of Buckingham, 1617, and Marquis of Buckingham, 1618 ; married a Romanist, Lady Katherine Manners, 1620; obtained tbe dismissal of his court rivals, the Howard family, 1618; undertook the administration, acting himself as lord high admiral, 1619; advised an expedition to the Palatinate, February 1620, but intrigued with Gondomar, the Spanish ambassador, to defeat it, 1620 and 1621; parliament checked in its censure of the monopolies in which his brothers had speculated, by his disowning his brothers, 1621, sheltering himself behind James I's name, and dissolving parliament; shrank from supporting Bacon, 1621; dissuaded by Laud from professing Romanism, 1622; forced James I and Prince Charles to the Madrid journey, 1623; arrived with Charles at Madrid; quarrelled with the Spanish court, and left Madrid, August 1623; had been created Duke of Buckingham, 1623, in his absence; failing to force the council into war with Spain, 1624, had parliament called and the Spanish negotiations broken off; became warden of the Cinque ports, 1624; originally urged on the match with Henrietta Maria, 1624-5; took offence, 1625, on Richelieu's refusal of his terms, and grossly insulted King Louis; the expedition under Count Mansfeld sent by him to the Palatinate a few months before (January 1625) a failure; supplies refused by parliament if he was to have the sole conduct of the war, July, on which it was dissolved, August 1625; the squadron lent by him to Richelieu used contrary to his hopes by the French minister against Rochelle, 1625; irritated the French by setting on foot search for contraband of war; the Cadiz expedition under his favourite, Sir Edward Cecil, a failure, October 1625 ; promised large subsidies to Denmark and Holland, 1625, and planned the relief of Rochelle, 1626; the parliament of February 1626 dissolved, June 1626, to prevent it carrying out his impeachment; his overtures to Spain for peace rejected, February 1627; sent Pennington to make war on French shipping in March 1627; personally sailed to relieve Rochelle, June, but failed shamefully, July-October 1627, and was infatuated enough to reject French proposals for peace, December 1627; urged Charles I to raise a standing army, partly of German mercenaries, January 1628; action against him prevented by the prorogation of the parliament which had voted supplies on Charles I's acceptance of the Petition of Right, June 1628; urged on a new Rochelle expedition, and was assassinated by John Felton, 23 Aug., at Portsmouth.
---Dictionary of National Biography: Index and Epitome. S. Lee, 1906.

Bill   Link to this

Buckingham's assassin John Felton: http://www.pepysdiary.com/encyclopedia/2559/

Bill   Link to this

VILLIERS, (George) duke of Buckingham, memorable in English story for having been the favourite of two kings, was born at Brookesby in Leicestershire, in 1592. Being a very handsome youth, his mother resolved to introduce him at court, concluding that a young gentleman of his fine figure, would attract the notice and favour of James I. The king being present at a play, performed by the Cambridge scholars, it was previously contrived that Villiers should appear. The plan succeeded; for the king no sooner cast his eyes upon him, than he became fascinated: for, as Lord Clarendon observes, ''though he was a prince of more learning and knowledge than any other of that age, and really delighted more in books and in the conversation of learned men, yet, of all wise men living, he was the most delighted with handsome persons and fine clothes." The earl of Somerset, his majesty's late favourite, was immediately discarded, and Villiers soon after his first appearance at court, was appointed cup-bearer to the king. In the space of a few weeks he was successively knighted, made a gentleman of the bedchamber, and knight of the garter. In a short time he was created a baron, a viscount, an earl, and a marquis. He also became Lord High Admiral of England, Lord Warden of the Cinque Ports, and Master of the Horse. All the favours, honours, and offices of the three kingdoms were entirely at his disposal. In consequence of which, he exalted almost the whole of his numerous family and dependants, many of whom had no other merft than that of their alliance to him. On the succession of Charles, in 1625, the Duke was equally a favourite with that prince, but he had lost all confidence with the Parliament. Votes and remonstrances passed against him as an enemy of the country; and the king was refused a supply on the ground of his ill-management. The Duke caused this and the next Parliament to be soon dissolved, and proposed new projects for raising money. He acted, indeed, as violence and passion dictated. A war having been declared against France, he took the command at the descent upon the isle of Rhee; in which the flower of the army was lost. Returning to England, he reviewed the fleet and army, and was about to repair to the relief of Rochelle, which was then besieged by Cardinal Richelieu, and was at Portsmouth for that purpose, when he was assassinated by one John Felton, an Englishman; who, from a gloomy disposition, conceived it would be doing God and the nation service to rid the world of such a mischievous man. This assassination took place on the 23d of August, 1628.
---Eccentric biography. 1801.

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