Charles Scarburgh, M.D., an eminent physician who suffered for the royal cause during the Civil Wars. He was born in London, and educated at St. Paul’s School and Caius College, Cambridge. He was ejected from his fellowship at Caius, and withdrew to Oxford. He entered himself at Merton College, then presided over by Harvey, with whom he formed a lifelong friendship. He was knighted by Charles II. in 1669, and attended the King in his last illness. He was also physician to James II. and to William III., and died February 26th, 1693-4.
This text comes from a footnote on a diary entry in the 1893 edition edited by Henry B. Wheatley.
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Biography, Munk's Roll of the Royal College of Physicians:-
Sir Charles Scarborough, first physician to Charles II. James II. and William III. was, by his strong and lively parts, uncommon learning, and extensive practice, eminently qualified for that honourable station. He was one of the greatest mathematicians of his time. Mr. Oughtred informs us, that his memory was tenacious to an incredible degree; that he could recite in order all the propositions of Euclid, Archimedes, and other ancient mathematicians, and apply them on every occasion. He assisted the famous Dr. William Harvey in his book "De Generatione Animalium," and succeeded him as lecturer of anatomy and surgery. The lecture, which was founded by Dr. Richard Caldwal, was read by him in Surgeon's Hall, and continued for sixteen or seventeen years, with great applause. He, in his course, explained the nature of the muscles, and was the first that attempted to account for muscular strength and motion upon geometrical principles, and he very judiciously and happily applied mathematics to medicine in other instances. His "Syllabus Musculorum" is printed with "The Anatomical Administration of all the Muscles, &c. by William Molins, Master in Chirurgery." He was also author of several mathematical treatises, a Compendium of Lilye's Grammar, and an Elegy on his friend Mr. Cowley. He was a man of amiable manners, and of great pleasantry in conversation. Seeing the dutchess of Portsmouth eat to excess, he said to her, with his usual frankness, "Madam, I will deal with you as a physician should do; you must eat less, use more exercise, take physic, or be sick."—He died Feb. 26, 1693.
---A Biographical History of England. J. Granger, 1775.
Chart showing the number of references in each month of the diary’s entries.