Larry Bunce • Link
Any small piece of meat, especially bacon. Survives in British dialect.
English word originally Scottish.
Swedish word is "kalops".
Etymology varies between etymologists, though all agree on Old Germanic as the source (anyone who claims Fr "escalope" as the source forgets that that word is borrowed from Old Germanic via Norman French).
Wessén (Swedish) and Onions (English) agree on the origin as being Scandinavian (Old Norse) from "kol" coal(s) and "hoppa" hop, skip. "kolhoppa" being a dish of egg on a slice of meat grilled on hot coals, and presumably hopping about while grilling.
Skeat (English)goes for German "Klops", a dish of stewed meat made tender by beating, ie "clopped" or "clapped".
Larousse (French re "escalope") plumps for old N-E Fr dialect "eschalop" rel. to "écale" (nut)shell (Sw. skal) maybe because of the appearance of the slice of meat round its seasoning??
If we discount the French as speculation, then it seems to me we need more material evidence of old-style food preparation to decide between Wessén and Skeat. The way Sw. kalops looks today, I'd go for Skeat, but Wessén and Onions have the more complex and dramatic suggestion, and it's more fun imagining the Vikings cooking up ham and eggs round the campfire. With or without onions ;-)
Chart showing the number of references in each month of the diary’s entries.