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Sir John Colleton, 1st Baronet (1608–1666) served Charles I during the English Civil War. He rose through the Royalist ranks during the conflict, but later had his holdings seized when the Cavaliers were finally defeated by Parliamentary forces. Following the restoration of the English monarchy in 1660, Colleton was one of eight individuals Charles II rewarded for supporting his efforts to regain the throne of England.
In 1663, he granted Colleton and the other seven individuals, called Lords Proprietors, the land called Carolina, named in honor of his father, Charles I. Colleton brought a group of settlers from the Caribbean Isle of Barbados, who brought with them slaves from Africa. These settlers also introduced the cultivation of rice to the area.
Colleton's family connections with America continued after his death. He had three sons: Peter, Thomas and James, who were given the titles of Landgrave, pre-Revolutionary, English colonial titles of nobility in the lowcountry of Carolina, during the late 17th and early 18th centuries.
One of his great-grandsons, Charles Garth MP. was Colonial Agent for the Provinces of South Carolina, Georgia and Maryland, between 1763 and 1765. Another, General George Garth, fought for the British in the American Revolutionary War.
- Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. p. 87.
- Divine, Robert A. America: Past and Present. 6th ed. New York: Pearson Longman, 2003.
- Leigh Rayment's list of baronets
- LB Namier, The English Historical Review, volume 54, 1939.
- The Annual Register, Edmund Burke, 1830
- Blackwoods Edinburgh Magazine, 1819, page 506
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