Roger L’Estrange, a voluminous writer of pamphlets and periodical papers, and translator of classics, &c. Born 1616. He was Licenser of the Press to Charles II. and James II.; and M.P. for Winchester in James II.’s parliament. L’Estrange was knighted in the reign of James II., and died 1704. In 1663 L’Estrange set up a paper called “The Public Intelligencer,” which came out on August 31st, and continued to be published twice a week till January 19th, 1665, when it was superseded by the scheme of publishing the “London Gazette,” the first number of which appeared on February 4th following.
This text comes from a footnote on a diary entry in the 1893 edition edited by Henry B. Wheatley.
Roger L'Estrange (1616–1704) was an English pamphleteer and author, and staunch defender of royalist claims. In 1644 he led a conspiracy in support of King Charles I and was sentenced to death as a spy, although after four years' imprisonment in Newgate Prison he was able to escape to the Continent, finding refuge in Holland. In 1653 he was pardoned by Oliver Cromwell.
In 1663 he began his career as a journalist, publishing a paper under the title The Public Intelligencer and taking over as chief licenser and surveyor of the press from John Birkenhead. L'Estrange was involved in political controversy throughout his life. In 1685, He was knighted by King James II. A fierce Tory and opponent of religious toleration, L'Estrange was arrested several times for involvement in plots against William and Mary.
In addition to his work as a political pamphleteer and his journalistic writing, he was also a translator of the Greek and Latin classics, including a translation of the fables of Aesop. . http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Roger_L'Estrange
Sir Roger L'Estrange Aristocratic Publisher, By William H. Itoh [a very well-writ, more detailed bio of his life, works and times] http://www.historybuff.com/library/refestrange....
Roger L'Estrange, who was at the head of the writers by profession, in this reign, was author of a great number of political pamphlets and periodical papers. That which made the greatest noise was his "Observator," in which, he went as great lengths to vindicate the measures of the court, as were ever gone by any mercenary journalist. This paper was swelled to three volumes in folio. He translated Cicero's "Offices," Seneca's "Morals, "Erasmus's "Colloquies," and Quevedo's "Visions." His "Esop's Fables" was more a new work than a translation. The most valuable of his books is his translation of Josephus, which, though in a better style than most of his writings, has been very justly censured. He was one of the great corrupters of our language, by excluding vowels and other letters not commonly pronounced, and introducing pert and affected phrases. He was licenser of the press to Charles and James II. Ob. 11 Dec. 1704, Æt. 88.
---A Biographical History of England. J. Granger, 1775.
Chart showing the number of references in each month of the diary’s entries.