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TerryF   Link to this

Aristotle (Ancient Greek: Ἀριστοτέλης, Aristotélēs) (384 BC – March 7, 322 BC) was an ancient Greek philosopher, a student of Plato and teacher of Alexander the Great. He wrote books on many subjects, including physics, poetry, zoology, logic, rhetoric, government, and biology, none of which survive in their entirety. Pepys knew him somewhat scholastically, and quizzed his brother John about the four causes and the four terrestrial elements and their qualities, sc. "Fire, which is hot and dry. Earth, which is cold and dry. Air, which is hot and wet. Water, which is cold and wet."
More from Wikipedia- http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Aristotle

Aqua   Link to this

Earth, Air, Fire and Water.
Thy need hot air to get a firery tongue on earth going and then thee can douse the result with water.
Sam had a rich resource of the Elements to upgrade his thinking, The classics followed by Bacon, and Descartes.

a list of various readings http://www.uh.edu/engines/epi1891.htm
Rene Descartes version Rene Descartes (1596-1650) published Discourse on Method in 1637. The original work contained sections on optics, geometry, and meteorology. The fourth section, the Discourse, outlined the basis for a new method of investigating knowledge. He later (in 1641) published a more detailed exploration of the philosophical basis for this new approach to knowledge in Meditations on First Philosophy.

http://www.malaspina.edu/~johnstoi/descartes/de...

The third, of earth and sea. The fourth, of the elements (as they call them), flame or fire, air, water, earth, understanding, however, by elements, not the first principles of things, but the greater masses of natural bodies.

http://etext.library.adelaide.edu.au/b/bacon/fr...

http://www.constitution.org/bacon/nov_org.htm
history of ideas.

http://etext.virginia.edu/cgi-local/DHI/dhi.cgi...

INTRODUCTION AND ANALYSIS.
Of all the writings of Plato the Timaeus is the most obscure and repulsive to the modern reader, and has nevertheless had the greatest influence over the ancient and mediaeval world.
http://etext.library.adelaide.edu.au/a/aristotle/
http://etext.library.adelaide.edu.au/p/plato/p7...

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