1893 text

The thermometer was invented in the sixteenth century, but it is disputed who the inventor was. The claims of Santorio are supported by Borelli and Malpighi, while the title of Cornelius Drebbel is considered undoubted by Boerhaave. Galileo’s air thermometer, made before 1597, was the foundation of accurate thermometry. Galileo also invented the alcohol thermometer about 1611 or 1612. Spirit thermometers were made for the Accademia del Cimento, and described in the Memoirs of that academy. When the academy was dissolved by order of the Pope, some of these thermometers were packed away in a box, and were not discovered until early in the nineteenth century. Robert Hooke describes the manufacture and graduation of thermometers in his “Micrographia” (1665).

3 Annotations

TerryF   Link to this

SP acquired a thermometer 23 March 1662/63
"This day Greatorex brought me a very pretty weather-glass for heat and cold." http://www.pepysdiary.com/diary/1663/03/23/

dirk   Link to this

On temperature scales

See annotation:
http://www.pepysdiary.com/diary/1663/03/30/#c43634

in Aqua Scripto   Link to this

My take be, the Weather glass be Torcellis mercury barometer invented in 1644, and I be of the opinion that the navy lads liked the idea of some weather warning besides the red skyre theory:
some on-line links. http://inventors.about.com/od/tstartinventors/a...

http://clk.about.com/?zi=18/19D&sdn=business_in...

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