Daily entries from the 17th century London diary
The Barber-Surgeons Company
In 1540 the Surgeons Guild and the Company of Barbers were amalgamated by Act of Parliament which, among other privileges, allotted the new Company the bodies of four executed criminals for dissection every year. The functions of barbers and surgeons were separated and they were not permitted to undertake each other's work. The writ of the Company lay within a radius of one mile from the City and Westminster. At this time the Barber-Surgeons had the largest number of Freemen of any City Livery Company. This new organisation continued with some difficulty for a hundred years but it was seldom peaceful and there were always disputes between the factions, which had to be resolved. The Company continued this dual role into the seventeenth century. Until 1745 the Company also undertook the examination of Surgeons for the Navy. http://www.barberscompany.org.uk/frameforhistor...
The Hall of the Worshipful Company of Barbers, then Barber-Surgeons, later Barbers has, since the 14c been located in Monkwell Street, which may be found on the left side of this segment of the 1746 map.http://www.motco.com/map/81002/SeriesSearchPlat...
OED on Barber note the Dentistry connection, A cut throat on plaque removal1. a. A man, or more rarely a woman, whose business it is to shave or trim the beards, and cut and dress the hair, of customers. (Now largely replaced by hairdresser.)Formerly the barber was also a regular practitioner in surgery and dentistry. The Company of Barber-surgeons was incorporated by Edward IV. in 1461; under Henry VIII. the title was altered to ‘Company of Barbers and Surgeons,’ and barbers were restricted to the practice of dentistry; in 1745 they were divided into two distinct corporations. 1594 PLAT Jewell-ho. III. 74 If your teeth be verie scalie, let som expert Barber first take off the scales. 1624 CAPT. SMITH Virginia II. 30 For Barbers they vse their women. a1625 BOYS Wks. (1629) 59 Like Barbars, who cut all other except themselves an aside b. fig. One who clips or cuts short; a curtailer. 1609 B. JONSON Sil. Wom. III. ii. Wks. (1616) 554 An excellent barber of prayers.1601 SHAKES. All's Well II. ii. 16 Like a Barbers chaire that fits all buttockes. 1621 BURTON Anat. Mel. III. iv. I. iii. (1651) 665 A notorious strumpet as common as a barbars chair.
Is there some connection between the Barber-Surgeons and the legendary animal, the Ophiuchus? (is the ophiuchus on their crest?) I seem to remember something like this from a walk on "Henry 8th and the City", but have forgotten. Any advice appreciated.
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