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Matthew Locke (1621-1677)
English musician, one of the the earliest English writers for the stage, was born at Exeter, where he became a chorister in the cathedral. His music, written with Christopher Gibbons (son of Orlando Gibbons), for Shirley's masque Cupid and Death, was performed in London in 1653. He wrote some music for Davenant's Siege of Rhodes in 1656; and in 1661 was appointed composer in ordinary to Charles II. During the following years he wrote a number of anthems for the Chapel Royal, and excited some criticism on the score of novelty, to which he replied with considerable heat (Modern Church Music; pre-accused, censured and obstructed in its Performance before His Majesty, April ist, 1666, etc.; copies in the Fitzwilliam Museum, Cambridge, and the Royal College of Music). A good deal of music for the theatre followed, the most important being for Davenant's productions of The Tempest (1667) and of Macbeth (1672), but some doubt as to this latter has arisen, Purcell, Eccles or Leveridge, being also credited with it. He also composed various songs and instrumental pieces, and published some curious works on musical theory. He died in August 1677, an elegy being written by Purcell.
-as adapted from the Encylopedia Britannica
Pepys retained in his library:
Locke, Matthew, 1621 or 2-1677.
Observations upon a late book, entituled, An essay to the advancement of musick, &c. written by Thomas Salmon, M.A. of Trinity Colledge in Oxford. By Matthew Locke, Composer in Ordinary to His Majesty, and organist of Her Majesties chappel.
London : printed by W[illiam]. G[odbid]. and are to be sold by John Playford at his shop near the Temple Church, 1672.
8vo., , 39,  p. : music.
Wing (CD-ROM, 1996), L2776
The work was bound between:
An essay to the advancement of musick by casting away the perplexity of different cliffs. And Uniting all sorts of music ... In one universal character. 1672
A vindication of an Essay to the advancement of musick, from Mr. Matthew Lock’s Observations. 1672.
He owned also Dering's 'Cantata Sacra,' 1674, which incidentally included English anthems by Locke.
Matthew Locke - a sample of his music
How Doth the City Sit Solitary,
that was full of people! how is she become as a widow! she that was great among the nations, and princess among the provinces, how is she become tributary! (Lamentations 1:1)
Chart showing the number of references in each month of the diary’s entries.