4 Annotations

Cameron McEwen   Link to this

He was the member of Parliament for Leicester and Cromwell's commander in Newcastle. After the Battle of Dunbar in 1650 he was given charge of the prisoners. "Haselrigge forced the 5,000 Scottish POWs to march 120 miles in eight days with little food from Dunbar through Berwick, Morpeth, and Newcastle, to Durham. Any who tried to escape, any who fell behind, any who became sick were shot. In his article Derek Bell called this the "Durham Death March," and likened it to Bataan. Some 1500 Scots died on the march.
In Durham the survivors were confined in the abandoned cathedral where they were kept in unsanitary conditions with little food and no medical attention. The prisoners were reduced to robbing the old crypts for bits of interred jewelry to bribe their English guards for better food. In two months by the end of October out of the original 5,000 only 1,400 Scottish prisoners survived. In 1946 while installing new heating pipes, workmen unearthed a long forgotten ditch extending from the cathedral's north door straight for several hundred feet. It contained thousands of skeletons, piled like cord wood, presumably the remains of the Durham Death March." (from: http://www.tarasthistle.org/dunbar.html )

mcewen   Link to this

http://www.open.org/~glennab/abernathyhistory.htm : "The English Council of War in London discussed what to do with the prisoners of war [apparently from the Battle of Worcester in 1651], and decided to continue the policy of sending prisoners to the Colonies. The top Scottish officers were either executed or imprisoned, as was Lord Leslie, but the minor officers were given the choice of prison in England or servitude in the Colonies. Robert Abernethy chose the latter, and was shipped with a group of 1610 men to Charles City in Virginia in early 1652, by an order of the Council to Sir Arthur Haselrigge, in charge of prisoners, to deliver them to Samuel Clarke, for transportation to Virginia. This order included 900 Scotsmen for Virginia, and 150 more to be sent to New England."

Bill   Link to this

Sir Arthur Haselrigge, Bart, of Nosely, co. Leicester, and M.P. for that county. He brought forward the Bill in the House of Commons for the attainder of the Earl of Strafford, and he was one of the five members charged with high treason by Charles I. in 1642. Colonel of a regiment in the Parliament army, and much esteemed by Cromwell. In March, 1659-60, he was committed to the Tower by Monk, where he died, January, 1660-61. Although one of the King's judges, he did not sign the death-warrant.
---Wheatley, 1896.

Bill   Link to this

HESILRIGE or HASELRIG, Sir ARTHUR, second baronet (d. 1661), parliamentarian; as M.P. for Leicestershire opposed Laud's religious policy; introduced bill of attainder against Strafford; promoted 'Root-and-Branch Bill' and (1641) proposed Militia Bill; one of the five members impeached by Charles I, 1642; raised a troop of horse and fought at Edgehill, 1642; as Waller's second in command distinguished himself at Lansdowne, 1643: wounded at Lansdowne and Roundway Down, 1643; present at Cheriton, 1644; a leader of the independents after the self-denying ordinance; while governor of Newcastle recaptured Tynemouth, 1648: refused nomination as one of the king's judges; accompanied Cromwell to Scotland, 1648, and supported him with a reserve army, 1650; Lilburne's charges against him declared false by the House of Commons, 1652; purchased confiscated lands of see of Durham; member of every council of state during the Commonwealth; opposed Cromwell's government after dissolution of Long parliament, 1653; M.P., Leicester, 1654, 1656, and 1659; refused to pay taxes and to enter or recognise the new upper chamber, 1657; opposed in Commons recognition of Richard Cromwell, and intrigued with army leaders against him; became recognised leader of parliament; obtained cashiering of Lambert and others, 1659; gained over Portsmouth and raised troops against Lambert, 1659; was outwitted by Monck; arrested at the Restoration, but Monck interposed to save his life; died in the Tower.
---Dictionary of National Biography: Index and Epitome. S. Lee, 1906.

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