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Aubrey de Vere
20th Earl of Oxford
Spouse(s) Anne Bayning
Father Robert de Vere, 19th Earl of Oxford
Mother Beatrix van Hemmend
Born (1627-02-28)28 February 1627
Died 12 March 1703(1703-03-12) (aged 76)

Aubrey de Vere, 20th Earl of Oxford KG PC (28 February 1627 – 12 March 1703) was a Royalist during the English Civil War.


He was the son of Robert de Vere, 19th Earl of Oxford and his wife Beatrix van Hemmena.

Aubrey was a Royalist during the English Civil War, and for this he was imprisoned in the Tower of London. He was richly rewarded for his loyalty by Charles II after the Restoration in 1660. He later took the side of William of Orange against James II in the Glorious Revolution.


On 12 April 1647, he married Anne Bayning, a daughter of Paul Bayning, 2nd Viscount Bayning. Anne died in 1659 and Aubrey married Diana Kirke, daughter of George Kirke and granddaughter of Aurelian Townshend.[1] They had five children:[2]

  1. Charles, who died as an infant.
  2. Charlotte, died young
  3. Lady Diana de Vere, who married King Charles II's illegitimate son, Charles Beauclerk, Duke of St Albans.
  4. Mary, died unmarried
  5. Henrietta, died unmarried

Since he had no surviving sons and as no other suitable claimant came forward, he became the last de Vere Earl of Oxford, one of the longest-lived titles in the peerage of England. The first de Vere earl had received his title from the Empress Matilda in 1141.


  1. ^ Cokayne 1945, pp. 260–1; Chambers 1912, p. xxxvi.
  2. ^ Burke's Dormant and Extinct Peerages, London, 1883


Legal offices
Preceded by
(The Protectorate)
Justice in Eyre
south of the Trent

Succeeded by
The Duke of Monmouth
Military offices
New regiment Colonel of The Royal Regiment of Horse
Succeeded by
The Duke of Berwick
Preceded by
Earl of Arran
Colonel of The Royal Regiment of Horse
Succeeded by
The Duke of Northumberland
Honorary titles
English Interregnum Lord Lieutenant of Essex
jointly with The Duke of Albemarle 1675–1687

Succeeded by
The Lord Petre
Preceded by
The Lord Petre
Lord Lieutenant of Essex
Succeeded by
The Lord Guilford
Peerage of England
Preceded by
Robert de Vere
Earl of Oxford

3 Annotations

Pauline  •  Link

from L&M Companion
(1632-1703). Soldier; in the Dutch army 1644-50; imprisoned under the Commonwealth. Chief Justice in Eyre of the Forest south of Trent 1660-73; Colonel of the Royal Regiment of Horse from 1661. He lived in a large house (taxed on 17 hearths) in the Piazza, Covent Garden.

With his death this line of the Earls of Oxford became extinct.

Cumgranissalis  •  Link

Sorry, here be it, the juicy titbit; 8 lines down:
Earl of Oxford was one of the oldest titles in the English peerage, and was held for several centuries by the de Vere family. It finally became dormant[?] in 1703 with the death of the 20th Earl. Edward de Vere, 17th Earl of Oxford, is perhaps the most famous of the line, due to the claims put forward by some that he was the actual author of the works of William Shakespeare

Aubrey, 20th Earl of Oxford, had no sons and when he died in 1703 this famous title became extinct. His daughter Diana married Charles, the illegitimate son of Nell Gwynne and King Charles II who was created 1st Duke of St. Albans

Bill  •  Link

VERE, AUBREY De, twentieth Earl Of Oxford (1626-1703), son and heir of Robert de Vere, nineteenth earl; succeeded, 1632; brought up in Friesland; officer in the Dutch service till 1648; his estates sequestrated by parliament, 1651; imprisoned as a royalist, 1654 and 1659; an envoy to recall Charles II, 1660; lord-lieutenant of Essex and colonel of 'the Oxford blues' regiment, 1661; privy councillor, 1669; pensioned, 1670; opposed James II's arbitrary measures, 1688; joined the Prince of Orange, 1688; lieutenant-general, 1689; fought at the Boyne; a whig lord.
---Dictionary of National Biography: Index and Epitome. S. Lee, 1906.

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Chart showing the number of references in each month of the diary’s entries.





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