vincent • Link
... Mazarin, Jules (1602-1661), French statesman and cardinal, who controlled the
French government while Louis XIV was a minor
Jules Mazarin, born Giulio Raimondo Mazzarino; but best known as Cardinal Mazarin (July 14, 1602 - March 9, 1661) served as the chief minister of France; from 1642, until his death. Mazarin succeeded Cardinal Richelieu.
As Louis XIII died in 1643, and Louis XIV was only a child -- Mazarin functioned essentially as the ruler of France. Although the 5-year-old Louis XIV became king in 1643 (under the regency of queen mother Anne of Austria), Mazarin acted as the ruler of France until his death, in 1661.
Controversy over the Cardinal's policies, and the weakness of the regency
see Family connections
Cardinal Mazarin's wealth and his niece's beauty, made for notable family connections, marital and extramarital:
Although he had received only minor orders and had never been ordained a priest, he was raised to cardinal upon the recommendation of Louis XIII (1641). After the deaths of Richelieu (1642) and Louis XIII (1643), Mazarin was the principal minister of the regent Anne of Austria.
Cardinal Jules Mazarin known for his Despotism
The French are nice people. I allow them to sing and to write, and they allow me to do whatever I like.
a great subject for comment, political Etc..
dirk • Link
"I allow them to sing and to write, and they allow me to do whatever I like."
Oh Vincent. I daren't make a comparison with modern politics here (in view of the recent "frictions" on the blog)... but it's tempting...
helena murphy • Link
The following titles may be helpful to those who wish for a more than superficial knowledge of 17th century France's two great statesmen,the Cardinals Richelieu and Mazarin respectivly.
Anthony Levi "Cardinal Richelieu and the Making of France" Constable 2000
Geoffrey Treasure "Mazarin The Crisis of Absolutism in France" Routledge 1995
Clement • Link
A remarkable neice, Ortensia (Hortense) later bacame a mistress of Charles II in 1675, 14 years after he unsuccessfully proposed marriage to her uncle Mazarin in France.
See Dirk's earlier mention: http://www.pepysdiary.com/diary/1661/02/18/#c11659
Chart showing the number of references in each month of the diary’s entries.