John Hewson, who, from a low origin, became a colonel in the Parliament army, and sat in judgment on the King: he escaped hanging by flight, and died in 1662, at Amsterdam. A curious notice of Hewson occurs in Rugge’s “Diurnal,” December 5th, 1659, which states that “he was a cobbler by trade, but a very stout man, and a very good commander; but in regard of his former employment, they [the city apprentices] threw at him old shoes, and slippers, and turniptops, and brick-bats, stones, and tiles.” . . . “At this time [January, 1659-60] there came forth, almost every day, jeering books: one was called ‘Colonel Hewson’s Confession; or, a Parley with Pluto,’ about his going into London, and taking down the gates of Temple-Bar.” He had but one eye, which did not escape the notice of his enemies.—B.
This text comes from a footnote on a diary entry in the 1893 edition edited by Henry B. Wheatley.
David Quidnunc • Link
David Plant's useful "British Civil Wars, Commonwealth and Protectorate" website has a brief but interesting paragraph on Hewson, whose name was sometimes spelled "Hughson":
Plant's description hints that Hewson was one pungent Puritan: He "proclaimed himself 'the child of wrath' in his frequent impromptu sermons."
David Quidnunc • Link
Pepys describes a riot with Hewson
Pepys letters to Montagu, at least some of them, have been published, and biographers Stephen Cootes and Claire Tomalin each quote from this one describing a riot on 5 December 1659 involving Hewson and his troops:
"The soldiers as they marched were hooted at all along the streets, and where any straggled from the whole body, the boys flung stones, tiles, turnips, &c. and, with all the affronts they could give them; some they disarmed, and kicked, others abused the horse with stones and rubbish they flung at them; and when Col. Hewson came the head of his regiment they shouted all along: 'A cobbler! A cobbler'; in some places the apprentices would get a football (it being a hard frost) and drive it among the soldiers on purpose, and they either darest not (or prudently would not) interrupt them; in fine, many soldiers were hurt with stones, and one I see was very near having his brains knocked out with a brickbat flung from the top of a house at him. On the other side, the soldiers proclaimed the proclamation against any subscriptions, which the boys shouted at in contempt, which some could not bear but let fly their muskets and killed in several places (whereof I see one in Cornhill shot through the head) 6 or 7. [sic] and several wounded."
(Cootes, pp 32-33; and that "[sic]" is from Tomalin, p 75 -- each quotes an overlapping section, both get the quote from "The Letters and Second Diary of Samuel Pepys, ed. R.G. Howarth (1932), a 6 Dec 1659 letter from Pepys to Montagu, p. 15)
"It is the first eyewitness account of an urban riot . . . since the Jewish historian Josephus; and it shows how good he was taking the pulse of the streets and fixing on essential details, the rubbish thrown at the horses, the football in the frosty street, the stones thrown from rooftops and the soldiers unable to bear the contempt of the boys and so shooting them dead."
-- "Samuel Pepys: The Unequalled Self," p 75
"Violence broke out, and Pepys described it for My Lord with all the vividness and delight in the reality of concrete detail of which he was becoming a master."
-- "Samuel Pepys: A Life," p 32
David Quidnunc • Link
Pepys on Hewson, etc., 8 December 1659:
"The present posture of the City is very dangerous, who I believe will never be quiet till the Soldiers have absolutely quitted the town. These circumstances (my Lord) may give your Lordship the best guess of the City's condition. viz. The Coroner's inquest upon the death of those that were slain on Monday have given it in Murder and place it upon Colonel Huson [Hewson], who gave his Soldiers order to fire. The Grand Jury at the Sessions this week in the Old Bailey desired of my Lord Mayor that the Soldiers might be removed out of town, who answering that he knew not well with the safety of the City how to do it, they offered in open Court to indict their officers and undertake to bring them before his Lordship . . . One passage more I shall add, that in the common council house upon the reading of the Prentices' petition, Brandrith [Henry Brandreth, member of the Committee of Safety] stood up and inveighed highly against the Insolence of the boys to meddle in such businesses, whereupon he was hissed down by the whole Council and answered by Wilde the recorder, who particularly defended the whole petition with a general applause. This is the present fate of the City, who are informed how the army have sent in Granados [grenades] to Pauls [St. Paul's Cathedral] and the Tower to fire the City upon an extremity (which is certain) and I am confident will not rest but in chasing away the soldiers out of town."
-- a letter from Pepys to Montagu, 8 December 1659, quoted in Tomalin, pp 75-76.
Chart showing the number of references in each month of the diary’s entries.