Daily entries from the 17th century London diary
A link to the chapter of a book about education in the 17 century, and SP as an example. And how SP learnt the multiplication tables...:http://www.swedishenglishtranslation.com/liedma...
..."July 9. Up by 4 a-clock and at my multiplication table, which is all the trouble I meet withal in my arithmetique.
As a boy, Pepys attended St Paul's School http://www.pepysdiary.com/encyclopedia/1597/ and later went to Magdalene College in Cambridge: http://www.pepysdiary.com/encyclopedia/419/
Correspondence concerning a mathematical problem between Newton and Pepys, explained by someone that understands the question and the answer.see: http://classes.yale.edu/chem125a/125/history99/...
From the New York Times:
The Cambridge History of English and American Literature in 18 Volumes (1907
about mathematics place in those days curriculum:"It is doubtful whether Brouncker learned more than arithmetic at Oxford, for Wallis, giving the status of mathematics at this time, wrote:-
... mathematics, at that time with us, were scarce looked on as academical studies, but rather mechanical - as the business of traders, merchants, seamen, carpenters, surveyors of lands and the like."From:http://www-groups.dcs.st-and.ac.uk/~history/Mat...
Sam would have read his version of seamans grammar available here http://www.shipbrook.com/jeff/seamansgrammar/for the diary info here:
At least in principle "high school" and university curriculum would have been based on the "7 liberal arts"
"The expression artes liberales [...]does not mean arts as we understand the word at this present day, but those branches of knowledge which were taught in the schools of that time. They are called liberal (Lat. liber, free), because they serve the purpose of training the free man, in contrast with the artes illiberales, which are pursued for economic purposes; their aim is to prepare the student not for gaining a livelihood, but for the pursuit of science in the strict sense of the term [...]. They are seven in number and may be arranged in two groups, the first embracing grammar, rhetoric, and dialectic [...]; the second group comprises arithmetic, geometry, astronomy, and music [...]. The first group is considered to be the elementary group, whence these branches are also called artes triviales, or trivium [...]. Contrasted with them we find the mathematical disciplines as artes quadriviales, or quadrivium [...]."
"At the universities the Artes, at least in a formal way, held their place up to modern times.[...] In practical teaching, however, the system of the Artes has declined since the sixteenth century. [...] Grammar and rhetoric came to be the chief elements of the preparatory studies, while the sciences of the Quadrivium were embodied in the miscellaneous learning (eruditio) associated with rhetoric. [...] In the erudite studies spoken of above, must be sought the germ of the encyclopedic learning which grew unceasingly during the seventeenth century. [...] In the eighteenth century undergraduate studies take on more and more the encyclopedic character, and in the nineteenth century the class system is replaced by the department system, in which the various subjects are treated simultaneously with little or no reference to their gradation; in this way the principle of the Artes is finally surrendered."
Speaking of the period prior to 1760… (British Social and Economic History from 1760…Lane)
“The sons of the landed gentry…the old upper class…had always received their education either at home with a private tutor, or at one of the nine great schools: Charterhouse, Eton, Harrow, Rugby, Shrewsbury, Westminster, Winchester, St. Paul’s and Merchant Taylor’s. Many of them went on to Oxford or Cambridge, looking on a University as a sort of finishing school where they would meet the people whom they would meet later in their political and social lives.”
Sam had a good start thanks to Montagu’s patronage?
Samuel went to these schools in the early year of his life:
Huddington Grammar School
St Paul’s School
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