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Vincent was the son of Francis Vincent, chapman of Weedon, Northamptonshire and his wife Elizabeth Langham, daughter of Edward Langham of Guilsborough, Northamptonshire and sister of Sir John Langham, 1st Baronet. Vincent was apprenticed to Thomas Langham, a Grocer of London and established himself as a linen-draper. He became a member of the Worshipful Company of Grocers in about 1639 and a member of the Honourable Artillery Company in 1640. In 1645 he became an assistant of the Levant Company and became husband of the company in 1650. He was a member of the committee of the East India Company from 1654 until his death. He was commissioner for assessment for London in 1657 and a common councilman from 1657 to 1658. In 1658 he was elected an alderman of the City of London for Bishopsgate ward. He was elected Sheriff of London in 1659, but did not serve.
In 1659 Vincent was commissioner for militia and became deputy governor of the Levant Company until his death. He signed the petition for a free Parliament and presented it to the Rump Parliament. He was commissioner for assessment for London from January 1660 until his death and was one of the three commissioners empowered to deal with General Monck on behalf of the City. He was imprisoned in the Tower of London when the Council of State ordered his arrest for suspected high treason on 6 February 1660 but was released when the secluded Members were returned to parliament. He was commissioner for militia in March 1660.
In April 1660, Vincent was elected Member of Parliament for City of London. He was one of the four London merchants who advanced £25,000 for the King in Holland, and after presenting the reply of the City of London to the Declaration of Breda, he was knighted in May 1660. He was appointed treasurer of poll-tax in September 1660. In 1661 he was common councilman again, warden of the Grocers’ Company and vice president of the Honourable Artillery Company. He was also colonel in the blue regiment of militia of foot from March 1661 and was warden elect of the Grocers Company.
Vincent died before September 1661 at the age of about 46.
Vincent married firstly by licence dated 7 June 1644, Rebecca Ferres, daughter of Thomas Ferrers, merchant of London. He married secondly Rebecca Chambers, daughter of Richard Chambers, Girdler of London. He had two sons and foud daughters.
|Parliament of England|
|Member of Parliament for the City of London
With: William Wilde
Sir William Thompson