The overlays that highlight 17th century London features are approximate and derived from:


A house then owned by William Craven. It no longer exists. The map shows the location of the village of the same name.


This text was copied from Wikipedia on 2 October 2015 at 3:25AM.

St Mary's Church

Hamstead Marshall is a village and civil parish in the English county of Berkshire. The road signs' name and that accepted by most of the village's organisations is Hamstead Marshall, an alternative Hampstead Marshall was preferred from time to time and remains the official name of the civil parish.

Location and amenities

In the west of West Berkshire (a unitary authority area), south-west of Newbury, on the Berkshire-Hampshire border, the parish covers 7.78 square kilometres (3.00 sq mi), having lost territory in a boundary change of 1991. The village contains scattered settlements such as Ash Tree Corner, Chapel Corner, Holtwood and Irish Hill. There is a 12th-century church (St Mary's), a village hall, a public house called the White Hart, a Dogs Trust canine rescue kennels and the Organic Research Centre at Elm Farm.


Hamstead Marshall has three sites of medieval motte-and-bailey castles, all on private land, with one a possible site of Newbury Castle. All are registered historic monuments.

A lesser alternative name Hampstead Marshall was preferred from time to time and remains the official name of the civil parish.

William Marshall who became Earl of Pembroke, was a loyal knight to four kings: Henry II, Richard I, King John, and Henry III of England and this is when the Marshall suffix was added to the village. The manor continued to be owned and used by kings and queens throughout the centuries, until it was sold in 1613.

The village was from 1620 until the 1980s the seat of the Earls of Craven. William Craven, 1st Earl of Craven (1608-1697) built a mansion there, originally intended as a residence for Charles I's sister, Elizabeth of Bohemia, although she died before construction began. It burnt down in 1718. The Cravens later expanded a hunting lodge to live in instead, and this still stands, privately occupied, in the centre of Hamstead Park. Until the mid-twentieth century the Craven family owned most of the village, but successive sales by the estate have made owner-occupancy slightly greater than the proportion of rented property.


The village landscape comprises farmland, woodland and parkland. No A or B roads dissect this but Hamstead Marshall has bus services. The river Kennet and the Kennet and Avon Canal pass through the northern edge of the village, and the river Enborne marks the southern boundary. About half the property pre-dates 1900, and 32 buildings or structures such as walls are listed under the national planning law and conservation legislation.


2011 Published Statistics: Population, home ownership and extracts from Physical Environment, surveyed in 2005[1]
Output area Homes owned outright Owned with a loan Socially rented Privately rented Other km² roads km² water km² domestic gardens Usual residents km²
Civil parish 45 31 17 15 10 0.083 0.185 0.176 275 7.78

External links


Coordinates: 51°23′13″N 1°24′29″W / 51.387°N 1.408°W / 51.387; -1.408

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Chart showing the number of references in each month of the diary’s entries.