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This text was copied from Wikipedia on 2 September 2015 at 3:22PM.

An illustration of a bilander

A bilander, also spelled billander or bélandre, was a small European merchant ship with two masts, used in the Netherlands for coast and canal traffic and occasionally seen in the North Sea but more frequently to be seen in the Mediterranean Sea. The mainmast was lateen-rigged with a trapezoidal mainsail, but the foremast carried the conventional square course and square topsail. Displacement was typically under 100 tons. The bilander was short-lived, being replaced by more efficient designs, and few examples exist today. The word bilander comes from the Dutch and literally means "by-lander" because it was used on canals.

1893 text

“Bilander. A small merchant vessel with two masts, particularly distinguished from other vessels with two masts by the form of her mainsail, which is bent to the whole length of her yard, hanging fore and aft, and inclined to the horizon at an angle of about 45 deg. Few vessels are now rigged in this manner, and the name is rather indiscriminately used.” — Smyth’s Sailor’s Word-Book.


This text comes from a footnote on a diary entry in the 1893 edition edited by Henry B. Wheatley.

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References

Chart showing the number of references in each month of the diary’s entries.

1667