Monday 5 October 1668

[In this part of the “Diary” no entry occurs for thirteen days, though there are several pages left blank. During the interval Pepys went into the country, as he subsequently mentions his having been at Saxham, in Suffolk, during the king’s visit to Lord Crofts, which took place at this time (see October 23rd, host). He might also probably have gone to Impington to fetch his wife. The pages left blank were never filled up. — B.]

7 Annotations

Terry Foreman   Link to this

A new issue of the London Gazette has hit the Royal Exchange at Gresham College and coffee houses nearby:

http://www.london-gazette.co.uk/issues/302/pages/1

Terry Foreman   Link to this

This will concern Mr. Pepys

Oct. 5. Monday.
The letter from the Navy Commissioners about half-a-year’s pay for the yards is to be considered to-morrow. Mr. Wadlow to attend then. The Navy Office to give an accompt what money will be due to the yards for the extraordinary fleet of this year, that money may be had for it on the Wine Act. [Treasury Minute Book II. p. 450.] http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?co...

Jim   Link to this

In Bristol on this date in 1668 three indentured servants were being enrolled to start their journey to Virginia.

http://www.virtualjamestown.org/indentures/sear...

Glyn   Link to this

http://www.bbc.co.uk/iplayer/episode/b015bt12/W...

BBC Radio is playing dramatised extracts of the Diary this week (see above). Can this be accessed outside Britain?

Terry Foreman   Link to this

Glyn, I can from mid-south USA. Thanks for the link.

JWB   Link to this

Sailing to Virginia

"Economic history of Virginia in the seventeenth century: An ..., Volume 2" By Philip Alexander Bruce, p 347-9
http://books.google.com/books?id=OCgSAAAAYAAJ&p...

"In the instances in which the English merchant owned the ship transporting his commodities to the Colony, the most serious charge which he had to meet was the wages of his captain and seamen, an item of importance on account of the length of the voyage, since the vessel not infrequently took a circuitous route, touching first at the Canaries, then at Barbadoes, and finally reaching an anchorage in the waters of one of the Virginian rivers.3 The remuneration of the shipmaster was probably about nine pounds sterling a month ;4 that of a sailor in 1668 was thirty shillings for the same length of time.6 There is an instance recorded in Lower Norfolk in 1680 in which a common mariner was paid only eight shillings. Fifteen years later, there was a second instance in the same county,in which a seaman received by the month two pounds and four shillings; a chief mate, four pounds; a ship physician and carpenter, three pounds and ten shillings respectively. In 1695, a suit was brought in Lower Norfolk for work performed on the vessel of Captain Phillips during the course of twenty-five days and twenty-four nights, at the rate of eighteen pence for each twelve hours.1

If the merchant was not the owner of a vessel, his principal expense in transporting his goods to the Colony was the charge for freight. The rates did not vary materially in any part of the seventeenth century. During the administration of the Company, the cost was three pounds sterling a ton;2 in one case recorded, of that period, a rate of two pounds sterling was offered and accepted.3 In 1649, the freight charge upon each ton was three pounds, and at this figure it remained.4

The seamen were far from being a class of men on whom reliance could be placed. As soon as Virginia acquired a very considerable population, there was a strong disposition on the part of many of the persons thus employed to desert their vessels upon their arrival in the Colony, and by 1690, the evil had grown to such proportions that a special proclamation was issued by Governor Nicholson with a view to suppressing it. In order to increase the vigilance of shipmasters, a bond with a penalty of one thousand pounds sterling was required of them that they would return all the sailors to England whom they had brought into Virginia. They were commanded to act with the utmost fairness to their seamen, who, in case the contracts with them as to food and other necessaries were not faithfully performed, had the right to enter complaint with the nearest justice of the peace. Particular orders were published that no one should entertain a fugitive mariner, and that all ferrymen should refuse to set him over their ferries unless he could present a note from his captain showing that he had received permission to leave his ship. Any person could arrest him without warrant."

JWB   Link to this

I see from Jim's link above that the average length of indenture was 4.4 years. Recently I was looking into the hisory of an ancestor who left York in 1661 under indenture for Nevis in Leeward Islands. He was eleven at the time. Ten years later he showed up married & owning over 100 acres in New Jersey.

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