Thursday 24 May 1660

Up, and made myself as fine as I could, with the Linning stockings on and wide canons that I bought the other day at Hague. Extraordinary press of noble company, and great mirth all the day. There dined with me in my cabin (that is, the carpenter’s) Dr. Earle and Mr. Hollis, the King’s Chaplins, Dr. Scarborough, Dr. Quarterman, and Dr. Clerke, Physicians, Mr. Darcy, and Mr. Fox (both very fine gentlemen), the King’s servants, where we had brave discourse.

Walking upon the decks, where persons of honour all the afternoon, among others, Thomas Killigrew (a merry droll, but a gentleman of great esteem with the King), who told us many merry stories: one, how he wrote a letter three or four days ago to the Princess Royal, about a Queen Dowager of Judaea and Palestine, that was at the Hague incognita, that made love to the King, &c., which was Mr. Cary (a courtier’s) wife that had been a nun, who are all married to Jesus.

At supper the three Drs. of Physic again at my cabin; where I put Dr. Scarborough in mind of what I heard him say about the use of the eyes, which he owned, that children do, in every day’s experience, look several ways with both their eyes, till custom teaches them otherwise. And that we do now see but with one eye, our eyes looking in parallel lines.

After this discourse I was called to write a pass for my Lord Mandeville to take up horses to London, which I wrote in the King’s name,1 and carried it to him to sign, which was the first and only one that ever he signed in the ship Charles. To bed, coming in sight of land a little before night.

  1. This right of purveyance was abolished in Charles’s reign.

10 Annotations

language hat   Link to this

canion, cannion, canon (OED):
[In form canion, a. Sp. ca?on tube, pipe, gun-barrel, "the cannions of breeches" (= F. canon, It. cannone), augmentative of ca?a, It. canna tube: see CANNON. The F. form canon was also used in the same sense.]
pl. Ornamental rolls, sometimes indented, sometimes plain or straight, laid like sausages round the ends of the legs of breeches.
1583 STUBBES Anat. Abus. (1877) 56 Hose.. with Canions annexed reaching down beneath their knees. 1611 COTGR., Chausses -- queue de merlus, round breeches with strait cannions. 1660 PEPYS Diary 24 May, Made myself as fine as I could, with the linning stockings on and wide canons. 1677 Songs Costume (1849) 182 By thy dangling pantaloons, And thy ruffling port cannons.

Alan Bedford   Link to this

"...with the Tinning stockings on ...".

Thanks Language Hat, for the OED citation that renders this as "with the linning stockings on" - this sounds more like "linen" which is something you could make stockings of.

Matt McIrvin   Link to this

From what I've been able to dig up on the Web, modern scientific opinion seems not quite in line with Dr. Scarborough's theory: normally stereoscopic vision with both eyes working together emerges in infancy, at just a couple of months of age.

Scarborough might have been misled by the appearance of people with strabismus or "lazy eye," which can sometimes be overcome through training. (I had surgery for it in childhood, and my eyes still sometimes wander separately chameleon-style, especially when I'm very tired; but it's not voluntary.)

mw   Link to this

A detail:

Two eyes viewing an object form a parallax, (not parrallel lines) a vital part of my business.

Kevin Peter   Link to this

Pepys seems to be very proud of having written something to be signed by the king. He sure seems to be enjoying life.

From the last sentence, it appears that they are already sailing back to England. That didn't take much time at all.

Bill   Link to this

"... made myself as fine as I could, with the Linning stockings on and wide canons that I bought the other day at Hague."

Sam boarded ship in England as a relatively poor man. We've had indications the last few days that he has been spending his new wealth to enhance his new situation.

Bill   Link to this

CANNIONS (of Canon, F.) Boot-hose; an old fashioned Garment for the Legs.
---An Universal Etymological English Dictionary. N. Bailey, 1675

CANNIONS Boot-hose tops; an old-fashion'd Ornament for the Legs.
---The new world of words. J. Kersey, 1720.

A footnote from Wheatley for this date:
Canons, canions, or cannions. Thus defined in Kersey's Dictionary: "Cannions, boot hose tops; an old-fashioned ornament for the legs." That is to say, a particular addition to breeches. Coles says, "Cannions, Perizomata." Cotgrave, "Canons de chausses." Minshew says, "On les appelle ainsi pourceque, &c, because they are like cannons of artillery, or cans, or pots." —Nares, Glossary. — M. B.

Bill   Link to this

The right of purveyance was an antient prerogative, by which the officers of the crown could at leisure take provisions for the household from all the neighboring counties, and the use of carts and carriages; and the price of these services was fixed and stated. The payment of the money was often distant and uncertain; and the rates were always much inferior to the market price; so that purveyance, besides the slavery of it, was always regarded as a great burthen, and being arbitrary and casual, was liable to great abuses.
---The History of England Under the House of Tudor. D. Hume, 1759.

Bill   Link to this

And considering what advantage may arise to the Kingdom, by Linning Manufactories, no Nation Spinning better and cheaper, We do earnestly intreat all who love the Honour , prosperitie and wealth of the Kingdom, cordially and speedily to set about the erecting of Manufactories for Cloath, Stuffs, Linnen & others.
---A REPRESENTATION of the ADVANTAGES, that would arise to this KINGDOM, by the erecting and improving of MANUFACTORIES. 1683.

Dick Wilson   Link to this

It appears that, upon landing, Lord Mandeville will set about seizing the horses that are required to haul the King and his court to London. The owners of the animals have no say in the matter, but they will be paid, "sometime, somewhere, we'll let you know how much. Ta."

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